Daily Archives: August 1, 2017

SA population on the rise

South Africa’s mid-year population has increased by close to a million from 2016 to 2017, says Statistician-General Pali Lehohla.

Lehohla on Monday released the mid-year population estimates 2017, which indicate that South Africa’s mid-year population is at 56.52 million. This shows an increase of about 902 200 from 2016.

Females make up the majority of the population, with about 28.9 million (51%) as compared to males who make up to 27.6 million (49%) of the population.

There is a majority of about 45.7 million black Africans living in the country, making up 81% of the entire population of South Africa.

The second largest population group is about five million coloured people who represent 9%, followed by about 4.5 million white people who makes up to 8%, and the least being about 1.4 million Indians who represent about 2% of the country’s population.

The largest share of about 14.3 million people (25.3%) resides in Gauteng. KwaZulu-Natal has the second largest population, with 11.1 million people (19.6%) living in the province. The Northern Cape Province remains with the smallest share of about 1.21 million people (2.1%).

According to the report, about 29.6% of the population is aged younger than 15 years and approximately 4.60 million (8.1%) is 60 years or older. Similar proportions of those younger than 15 years live in Gauteng (21.0%) and KZN (21.1%).

Of the 60 years and older age group, their majority of about 1.10 million (23.9%) reside in Gauteng.

The proportion of elderly persons aged 60 and older is increasing over time, said Lehohla.

Migration

Lehohla said migration is an important demographic process in shaping the age structure and distribution of the provincial population.

For the period 2016-2021 it is estimated that Gauteng and Western Cape could experience the largest inflow of migrants of approximately 1 595 106 and 485 560 respectively.

Over the last five years, five out of every ten international migrants have settled in Gauteng Province.

He also said Gauteng, Western Cape, Mpumalanga and the North West provinces are net receivers of in-migrants, whereas Limpopo and Eastern Cape experienced the largest outflow.

Fertility, mortality, life expectancy

Lehohla said fertility has declined from an average of 2.73 children per woman in 2007 to 2.41 children per woman in 2017.

Infant mortality has also declined from 48.1 infant deaths per 1 000 live births in 2002 to 32.8 infant deaths per 1 000 live births in 2017.

The crude death rate is also down from 13.4 deaths per 1 000 people in 2002 to 9.0 deaths per 1 000 people in 2017.

He said life expectancy has increased by approximately two years from the 2012 estimates.

Life expectancy at birth for 2017 is estimated at the average of 64 years, but it is at 61.2 years for males and 66.7 years for females, and the infant mortality rate for 2017 is estimated at 32.8 per 1 000 live births.

Lehohla said the decline in life expectancy between 2002 and 2006 can be attributed to HIV and Aids.

However, he also said the gains in life expectancy is accredited to access to Antiretroviral Therapy (ART).

Approximately one-fifth of South African women in their reproductive ages are HIV positive.

He also said HIV prevalence among the youth aged 15 to 24 has declined over time from 7.3% in 2002 to 4.6% in 2017.

The estimated overall HIV prevalence rate is approximately 12.6% among the South African population.

The total number of people living with HIV is estimated at approximately 7.06 million in 2017.

For adults aged 15 to 49 years, an estimated 18.0% of the population is HIV positive.

Source: South African Government News Agency

DRC Police Arrest More Than 100 in Election Protests

Police in the Democratic Republic of the Congo have arrested more than 100 protesters in cities across the country who were calling for presidential elections to be held by the end of the year.

Demonstrations took place Monday in the capital, Kinshasa, the eastern city of Goma, and at least a half dozen other cities.

In Goma, witnesses said police used tear gas to disperse protesters, while in Kinshasa, media groups said several journalists covering the protests were briefly detained.

The U.N. Joint Human Rights Office in Congo condemned Monday’s arrests, saying that “arbitrary arrests are incompatible with the right to information and right of freedom of assembly” guaranteed in Congo’s constitution.

The youth movement Struggle for Change (LUCHA) organized the protests, timed to mark the July 31 deadline set by the country’s election commission for conclusion of a voter registration program, which was not met.

The group’s spokesman in Goma, Justin Muhiwa, told VOA that Congo’s election commission needed to set a date for the vote because it was the right of the Congolese people to hold an election.

President Joseph Kabila’s second and final constitutional mandate expired last December, leading to growing political tensions in the country.

An agreement reached last year by the president and the opposition said Kabila could remain in office until elections were organized, and it set a deadline of the end of 2017. However, the election commission announced this month that it would not be possible to organize elections by the end of December.

Kabila’s government has faced a wave of protests in recent months over the election issue. Growing unrest in the country has raised fears of a return to civil war, which ravaged the DRC for nearly a decade beginning in the late 1990s, leading to the deaths of millions of people.

Source: Voice of America

Minister Naledi Pandor launches 2017 National Science Week in Port Elizabeth, 5 Aug

The Minister of Science and Technology, Naledi Pandor, will launch the 2017 National Science Week (NSW) at Nelson Mandela University’s Missionvale Campus in Port Elizabeth on Saturday.

NSW is an annual celebration of science, engineering and technology, attracting thousands of learners and members of the public to workshops, science shows and lectures, which are held at universities, schools, science centres and public facilities countrywide.

This year’s National Science Week will be held from 5 to 12 August under the theme “Advancing science tourism”, in recognition of the United Nation’s International Year of Sustainable Tourism for Development.

At the Nelson Mandela University’s Missionvale Campus alone, more than 80 exhibits will showcase the value of science to society in line with the theme. A comprehensive list of all the NSW activities across the country can be found on http://www.dst.gov.za/images/2017/HIGHLIGHTS-FOR-NSW-17.pdf.

The launch at NMU is expected to attract about 3 500 learners, 600 students and academics, and a further 1 000 participants, including teachers, the general public and policy makers.

Minister Pandor will be joined by the Eastern Cape Premier, Mr Phumulo Masualle, and the Nelson Mandela University Vice-Chancellor, Prof. Derrick Swartz.

Source: Government of South Africa

Kenyan President ‘Shocked’ by Election Official’s Killing

Kenya’s president took to social media to proclaim he was “deeply shocked and saddened” by killing of a senior election official ahead of next week’s presidential vote.

Uhuru Kenyatta warned on Facebook and Twitter to urge that investigation into Christopher Msando’s killing should be allowed to “proceed calmly,” even as dozens of protesters marched to the electoral commission offices Tuesday in central Nairobi, demanding justice.

Msando was in charge of managing information technology systems at the electoral commission. He had publicly sought to reassure voters that the results of the August 8 election would not be tampered with.

He was found dead Monday after going missing Friday. According to the head of Kenya’s electoral commission, Msando was tortured before he was killed.

The main opposition group has charged that Kenyatta wants to rig the upcoming election, an accusation the presidency has denied. The National Super Alliance called Msando’s death an assassination and an attempt to disrupt the vote.

Anti-corruption campaigner John Githongo says Msando’s killing was meant to derail the electoral process. “The timing of his torture and murder serves to undermine Kenya’s elections management body at this most crucial time in the work of the IEBC [Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission],” Githongo said.

The U.S. and British diplomats in Kenya have expressed grave concern over Msando’s death.

The U.S. and the U.K. are gravely concerned by the murder, U.S. Ambassador to Kenya Robert Godec and British High Commissioner Nic Hailey said in a joint statement from Nairobi. We have offered our assistance in the investigation.

Elections in Kenya are often fraught with accusations of fraud. A dispute over the outcome of a 2007 vote triggered two months of violence that left 1,100 people dead.

Last month, Kenya’s main opposition leader, Raila Odinga, accused the IEBC of plotting to rig the election. The former prime minister, who’s challenging incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta, has warned there may be violence if the electoral authority fails to ensure this year’s process is credible.

Source: Voice of America

IDC funding creates 18 206 new jobs

The Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) has facilitated the creation of 18 206 new jobs that would have been otherwise lost.

This as the IDC, which is the national development finance institution set up to promote economic growth and industrial development, released its Integrated Results for the year ended 31 March 2017 on Monday.

The results show that the IDC’s profit grew to R2.2 billion while funding approvals increased to R15.3 billion, with marked increase in approvals for black industrialists, other black entrepreneurs, women and youth entrepreneurs.

These approvals are in addition to the creation of 18 206 new jobs. It also supported the retention of 2 675 jobs that would otherwise have been lost.

The value of funding approvals increased to R15.3 billion, which is 5.7% higher than the previous year. An additional R922 million was approved from funds managed on behalf of third parties.

In line with our strategy, majority of jobs created and saved were in the manufacturing sector, it said.

However, the IDC said levels of disbursements remained flat, with R11.0 billion disbursed in the period compared to R11.4 billion in 2016.

The corporation has also prioritised a number of sectors and value chains such as the metals, machinery and equipment and agro-processing and agriculture. New industries identified by the corporation are those sectors which are determined by forward looking trends and innovation.

Funding for new industries approved was R227.2 million, 52% higher than in 2016, while disbursements increased by 10% to R110.9 million.

The IDC also continued to increase funding for black empowered and black-owned businesses while prioritising women-empowered businesses.

The IDC reported that the value of funding for black-empowered and black-owned companies increased by 103% to R10.1 billion.

We recorded a significant improvement in approvals for women-empowered businesses at R3.2 billion. This amount is triple the R1.1 billion approved in 2016, said the IDC.

When coming to youth owned enterprises, the corporation said it remains committed to support youth enterprises to the value of R4.5 billion from 2016 � 2020.

The funding approved for youth-empowered and youth-owned businesses increased to R2.3 billion in 52 transactions up from the R970 million in 19 transactions from 2016.

Approvals for businesses with women ownership was at R3.2 billion.

Meanwhile, approvals to black industrialists also increased, this as government policy related to black economic empowerment is focused on the development of black industrialists.

To support this initiative, the IDC has developed a comprehensive framework for the development of Black Industrialists which covers several areas including opportunity identification, identification of black industrialists, facilitating access to finance and increased business support.

Approvals for black industrialists came to R4.7 billion in 83 deals, said the IDC which is an entity of the Department of Economic Development.

Source: South African Government News Agency