Daily Archives: August 27, 2015

African Education Officials to Explore School Dropout at International Summit

WASHINGTON, Aug. 27, 2015 / PRNewswire — Education officials from Nigeria, Morocco, Egypt, Senegal, Zambia and Tanzania will join approximately 200 experts and government representatives at a two-day summit here to explore drivers of school dropout and strategies to keep children in classrooms, the U.S. Agency for International Development (www.usaid.gov) and Creative Associates International announced. (www.CreativeAssociatesInternational.com)

Photo – http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150826/261354

The “School Dropout Prevention Summit: Understanding the Causes, Sharing the Solutions” will be held at the Washington (D.C.) Hilton on Sept. 9 and 10. Registration is open to education professionals—as well as the media—at no cost. Space is limited on a first-come, first-serve basis.

http://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/event?oeidk=a07ebay5j921c3cba1f&llr=7s7s76mab

The Sept. 9 and 10 Summit, which will examine factors that affect dropout in developing and developed countries, has the following scheduled sessions:

  • Overview of Strategies to Address Dropout
  • Early Warning Systems: A Foundation for Action
  • Crime and Dropout Prevention Strategies
  • Dropout Prevention in Conflict Settings, for Girls, and Youth Livelihoods
  • Did It Work? School Dropout Prevention Pilot Research Findings on Dropout Intervention Impacts

An interview-style session called “Tackling Dropout: Ministries of Education Reflect” will be held at the end of the two-day session.

Results from 4-country School Dropout Prevention Pilot Program

With support from USAID, Creative led a consortium of partners working on a five-year, four-country applied research project called the “School Dropout Prevention Pilot Program,” which explored the drivers of dropout and then engaged government ministries, educators, communities, parents and students in sustainable solutions. The target countries in the program are Cambodia, India, Tajikistan and Timor-Leste.

Findings from the pilot will be shared by the country teams and Ministries of Education during the conference, along with other program strategies and research. The pilot was carried out by CARE International, Kampuchean Action for Primary Education, QUEST Alliance and Creative.

In addition to representatives from the four countries in the pilot, delegates from Egypt, Nigeria, Tanzania, Bangladesh and elsewhere will attend.

“There is not a single, simple solution to preventing dropout,” says Charito Kruvant, Creative’s CEO. “Different approaches to address dropout have been tried, with varying degrees of success. This is an opportunity to review and discuss these efforts and what countries are planning in order to ensure that children successfully complete their education.”

About USAID & Creative Associates International
The U.S. Agency for International Development is the lead U.S. government agency that works to end extreme global poverty and enable resilient, democratic societies to realize their potential. (www.usaid.gov)

Creative Associates International works with underserved communities by sharing expertise and experience in education, economic growth, governance and transitions from conflict to peace. (www.CreativeAssociatesInternational.com)

Des responsables africains de l’éducation vont étudier le décrochage scolaire lors d’un sommet international

WASHINGTON, 27 août 2015 / PRNewswire — Des responsables de l’éducation du Nigeria, du Maroc, d’Egypte, du Sénégal, de Zambie et de Tanzanie rejoindront quelque 200 experts et représentants de gouvernement lors d’un sommet de deux jours à Washington afin d’explorer les facteurs du décrochage scolaire et les stratégies visant à garder les élèves dans les classes, ont annoncé USAID, l’Agence américaine pour le développement international (www.usaid.gov), et Creative Associates International. (www.CreativeAssociatesInternational.com)

Photo – http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150826/261354

Le « School Dropout Prevention Summit: Understanding the Causes, Sharing the Solutions » (sommet pour la prévention du décrochage scolaire : comprendre les causes, partager les solutions) se tiendra au Washington (D.C.) Hilton le 9 et 10 septembre prochain. Les professionnels de l’enseignement, ainsi que les médias, peuvent d’ores et déjà s’inscrire gratuitement. Les places seront accordées sur la base du principe premier venu, premier servi.

http://events.r20.constantcontact.com/register/event?oeidk=a07ebay5j921c3cba1f&llr=7s7s76mab

Le sommet des 9 et 10 septembre, qui examinera les facteurs qui influent sur le décrochage scolaire dans les pays en voie de développement et les pays développés, consacrera des sessions aux thèmes suivants :

  • Survol des stratégies de lutte contre le décrochage scolaire
  • Systèmes d’alerte rapide : la pierre angulaire de l’action
  • Stratégies de prévention de la criminalité et du décrochage scolaire
  • Prévention du décrochage scolaire en cas de conflit, pour les filles, et développement des jeunes
  • Quels sont les résultats ? Programme pilote de recherche sur la prévention du décrochage scolaire : résultats concernant les effets de l’intervention contre le décrochage

Une session interview intitulée « Tackling Dropout: Ministries of Education Reflect » (Lutte contre le décrochage scolaire : les ministères de l’éducation réfléchissent) sera organisée au terme de la session de deux jours.

Résultats du programme pilote pour la prévention du décrochage scolaire mené dans 4 pays

Avec le soutien d’USAID, Creative a dirigé un consortium de partenaires dans le cadre d’un projet de recherche appliquée de cinq ans dans quatre pays intitulé « School Dropout Prevention Pilot Program » (programme pilote pour la prévention du décrochage scolaire), qui a examiné les déterminants du décrochage scolaire et fait participer des ministères, des spécialistes de l’enseignement, des collectivités, des parents et des étudiants à des solutions durables. Les pays visés par ce programme sont le Cambodge, l’Inde, le Tadjikistan et le Timor-Leste.

Les résultats de ce programme pilote seront partagés par les équipes de pays et les ministères de l’éducation pendant la conférence, ainsi que d’autres stratégies de programme et recherches. Ce programme pilote a été mené par CARE International, Kampuchean Action for Primary Education, QUEST Alliance et Creative.

Outre des représentants des quatre pays concernés par le programme pilote, des délégués d’Egypte, du Nigeria, de Tanzanie, du Bangladesh et d’autres pays seront également présents.

« Il n’existe pas de solution simple et unique dans la prévention du décrochage scolaire », explique Charito Kruvant, PDG de Creative. « Différentes méthodologies ont été testées dans la lutte contre le décrochage, avec des niveaux de réussite variables. Cette conférence sera l’occasion de passer en revue et d’examiner ces initiatives et l’action que les pays souhaitent mener pour s’assurer que les enfants mènent leurs études à terme ».

A propos de USAID et Creative Associates International
L’Agence américaine pour le développement international est le principal organisme public des Etats-Unis qui œuvre pour mettre un terme à la pauvreté extrême dans le monde et à permettre aux sociétés résilientes et démocratiques de réaliser leur potentiel. (www.usaid.gov)

Creative Associates International travaille avec les collectivités mal desservies en partageant des connaissances spécialisées et une expérience dans l’éducation, la croissance économique, la gouvernance et les transitions du conflit à la paix. (www.CreativeAssociatesInternational.com)

Down to Just Three Ebola Cases Worldwide

Some excellent news on the ebola front. “There were 3 confirmed cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) reported in the week to 23 August, all of which were reported from Guinea. No new confirmed cases were reported from Sierra Leone for the second consecutive week. Overall case incidence has held at 3 confirmed cases per week for 4 consecutive weeks. In addition, the number of contacts under observation continues to fall, from over 800 on 16 August to approximately 600 on 23 August throughout 4 prefectures in Guinea and 2 districts in Sierra Leone. All contacts associated with the recent cluster of cases in Tonkolili, Sierra Leone, have now completed the 21-day follow-up period. However, there remains a significant risk of further transmission. All 3 cases in Guinea this week were reported from the capital, Conakry, and have generated a substantial number of high-risk contacts. One of the cases, who was detected after post-mortem testing of a community death, was one of 35 contacts to have been lost to follow-up in Conakry in the past 6 weeks.” (WHO http://bit.ly/1Vc203Z)

Humanity Affirming Facebook Video of the Day: A crowd of cheering Germans welcomes a bus load of Syrian refugees. http://on.fb.me/1JjfLpW

Listicle of the Day: 5 Ways China’s economic crisis will affect Africa. (BBC http://bbc.in/1Vc1GCf)
Africa

It took less than a minute for a panel of judges in Senegal to sentence seven men to six months in prison for homosexuality last week, but campaigners say the harm to the African nation’s anti-HIV efforts could last much longer. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Kko0X6)

Burundi’s President Pierre Nkurunziza unveiled his new cabinet, with the central African nation’s government dominated by hardliners and loyalists. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1NUlXrx)

On Wednesday, the Botswana Court of Appeal unanimously ruled that the government is required to provide foreign prisoners treatment at government expense. (VOA http://bit.ly/1PTnjEm)

As South Sudan’s transport minister traveled to South Africa to sign a deal he hopes will be part of a new inflow of infrastructure investment needed to develop the world’s youngest country. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1i1RTAp)

African music legend Salif Keita has called for people with albinism to be protected, as Tanzania begins campaigning for general elections with fears growing over a rise in witchcraft attacks. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1i1RRs7)

A U.N. panel of experts said that a major Chinese state-owned arms supplier sold more than $20 million of weapons to South Sudan’s government last year, several months into the country’s deadly internal conflict. (AP http://yhoo.it/1U6soPp)

MENA

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon accused all parties in the Syrian conflict of “indiscriminate and disproportionate attacks” on civilians and said the U.N. and its partners couldn’t deliver food to 422,000 people in besieged areas in July. (AP http://yhoo.it/1NUlWE4)

Medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres said on it treated a Syrian family with symptoms of exposure to chemical agents from an area where Islamic State fighters have been battling other rebels. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1NBpkql)

Beirut’s garbage protests seem to be gaining steam. (WaPo http://wapo.st/1Vc1ym5)

Asia

Heavy rain in North Korea killed 40 people, stranded thousands in flash floods and caused “massive” damage on the weekend, the International Federation of the Red Cross said and North Korean media said. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1U6tN8O)

At least five people were killed in clashes between police and protesters in India’s western state of Gujarat on Wednesday after a huge rally by a powerful clan demanding more government jobs and college places. (Daily Times http://bit.ly/1Vc1x1u)

Despite growing anger among retail investors and a strong sense of economic decline, a major shakeup is unlikely in China, given the rigidity of the political system, the leadership’s need to exude calm and the idea that changes could be perceived as signs of weakness or error. (AP http://yhoo.it/1NUnHkN)

Myanmar opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi has warned armed ethnic minority groups not to rush into signing a nationwide cease-fire, a top party colleague said Wednesday, a position that pits her against President Thein Sein, who has made reaching a deal before November elections his top priority. (AP http://yhoo.it/1i1RRbD)

The Americas

Guatemala’s Supreme Court has taken the first step in allowing impeachment proceedings against President Otto Perez Molina and his former Vice President Roxana Baldetti has been ordered to stand trial in a fraud case that has pushed the country into political crisis. (AP http://yhoo.it/1heOYn2)

A convicted black market money dealer who turned state’s evidence told lawmakers that Brazilian President Dilma Rousseff and her predecessor, former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, knew of the sprawling corruption kickback scheme that has engulfed state-run oil company Petrobras. (AP http://yhoo.it/1heOVrE)

More than 100 Colombians carrying their possessions on their shoulders waded knee-deep across a river back into their homeland, fleeing a Venezuelan crackdown on illegal migrants and smugglers that is generating an increasingly angry dispute between the South American neighbors. (AP http://yhoo.it/1Igi7UD)

A food safety advocacy group sued an arm of the U.S. Department of Agriculture on Tuesday, saying it illegally withheld public information on genetically engineered crops. (AP http://yhoo.it/1NBpldT)

Europe’s Migrant Crisis

Hungary’s migrant crisis escalated Wednesday as police fired teargas at its main processing centre and the government announced it was sending 2,000 “border hunters” to stem the flow of record numbers of people entering from Serbia. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1U6tPNM)

Hungary made plans on Wednesday to reinforce its southern border with helicopters, mounted police and dogs, and was also considering using the army as record numbers of migrants, many of them Syrian refugees, passed through coils of razor-wire into Europe. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1LAIM6o)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel vowed Wednesday there would be no tolerance for “shameful and vile” anti-migrant violence, facing down a noisy far-right protest during a visit to a refugee centre. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1LAIQmw)

After a series of highly charged custody disputes, Norway now faces accusations of cultural insensitivity at best and child theft at worst, as increasing numbers of immigrant children are being seized by officials and handed over to Norwegian foster families. (AP http://yhoo.it/1Igicb0)

Some 50 migrants were found dead in the hold of a boat off the coast of Libya on Wednesday during a rescue operation which saved 430 other people, the Italian coast guard said. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1PTjfE9)

A parliament-appointed rights official in Serbia has suggested that the country, blighted by years of depopulation, should ask migrants flooding through the Balkans from the Middle East to settle in hundreds of empty villages. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1NBsniu)

…and the rest

A new study calls for urgent action to integrate anti-smoking strategies into the care of people being treated for tuberculosis and HIV. (VOA http://bit.ly/1JvVsol)

Greater support and training is needed at national level to increase the chances of prosecuting crimes of sexual violence in conflict, according to new research from the University of California, Berkeley, School of Law. (Guardian http://bit.ly/1NBsnPg)

Five million people in England are at risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, which is linked to unhealthy lifestyles and obesity, a health authority said on Wednesday. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Igicry)

Opinion/Blogs

Read an excerpt of our #1 Best selling Amazon Kindle Single e-book —> http://bit.ly/1NI7HUV

How do you go about embracing complexity? It’s complicated (Guardian http://bit.ly/1JjfEdZ)

Eyes Wide Shut: The challenge of humanitarian biometrics (IRIN http://bit.ly/1EiIs9u)

Poverty and Slavery Often Go Hand-in-Hand for Africa’s Children (IPS http://bit.ly/1PTlTd0)

What Type of Corruption Is Really Hampering Nigeria’s Economy (The Conversation http://bit.ly/1i1U0Ee)

Flashy Innovation Will Not Fuel the Data Revolution (SciDevNet http://bit.ly/1NBs1IE)

In the Debate Towards Nuclear Disarmament, Where Are All the Women? (ISS http://bit.ly/1JvVlct)

Discussion

comments…

Nouvelle Etude: L’ingérence de l’exécutif limite le renforcement de l’indépendance de la magistrature, des institutions d’audit et de la fonction publique

WASHINGTON, 27 août 2015 / PRNewswire — L’ingérence de l’exécutif limite le renforcement de l’indépendance de la magistrature, des institutions d’audit et de la fonction publique en Afrique, selon les Indicateurs d’Intégrité en Afrique, un nouveau rapport évaluant la transparence et la redevabilité dans les 54 pays africains.

Même dans les pays où l’indépendance du judiciaire est entièrement garantie par la loi, dans la pratique, environ la moitié a reçu des notes très basses et seulement six des notes élevées.

Toutefois, on remarque des progrès. Par exemple, en Tunisie, une loi de 2014 ajoute des dispositions plus claires sur l’indépendance du judiciaire. Dans la pratique, au Bénin, les juges sont montés au créneau à chaque fois que leur indépendance était en quelque sorte menacée.

De même, la recherche  revèle des cas sérieux d’ingérence de l’exécutif dans les activités de vérification (les restrictions de vérification de certains comptes, ou et les révocations sans suivre les procédures prévues) et dans la fonction publique (les révocations et remplacements des fonctionnaires basés sur l’appartenance politique).

Le rapport a été produit par Global Integrity, une organisation à but non-lucratif basée à Washington D.C., disposant d’un réseau de plus de 200 chercheurs et journalistes africains. Les indicateurs évaluent l’état de droit, la redevabilité, les élections, la gestion publique, l’intégrité de la fonction publique, et l’accès à l’information. Une section supplémentaire couvre des questions sociales, allant des droits des minorités au genre et à l’éducation.

“Les indicateurs fournissent un aperçu d’un problème au moment de la recherche, et visent à aider les réformateurs – au sein et en dehors de gouvernements – d’identifier des opportunités concrètes d’amélioration”, explique Hazel Feigenblatt, Directrice de la Recherche de Global Integrity.

Les indicateurs sont disponibles en ligne ici et une vidéo sur comment naviguer le site est disponible ici. Les infographics sont disponibles ici.

Les indicateurs sont le fruit d’un partenariat avec la Fondation Mo Ibrahim et font partie de l’Indice Ibrahim de la Gouvernance Africaine. Ils sont également utilisés par la Banque mondiale et par le Millennium Challenge Corporation.

Global Integrity (globalintegrity.org) est une organisation majeure oeuvrant pour la bonne gouvernance, reconnue pour sa capacité de collecter des données de haute qualité sur de divers aspects de la gouvernance.

New Study: Executive Interference Limits Strengthening of Independent Judiciary, Auditors and Civil Service Across Africa

WASHINGTON, Aug. 27, 2015 / PRNewswire – Interference from the executive branch significantly limits the strengthening of an independent judiciary, auditors and civil service across Africa, according to the Africa Integrity Indicators (AII), a new report assessing transparency and accountability in all 54 African countries released today.

Even in countries where the judiciary enjoys full legal independence, in practice about half of the countries received very low scores and only six received high marks.

However, there is also progress. For example, a 2014 law in Tunisia added explicit provisions on judicial independence and constitutional protections from external intimidation were introduced in Liberia. In practice, in Benin, judges have been vocal whenever their independence was somehow threatened.

Similarly, the research found significant instances of executive interference into audit operations (restrictions from auditing certain accounts, politicized appointments and removals without due process) and the civil service (reports of the removal and replacement of civil servants based on political affiliation).

The report was produced by Washington DC-based non-profit organization Global Integrity with a network of more than 200 in-country African researchers and journalists. The indicators assess the rule of law, accountability, elections, public management, civil service integrity, and access to information.

There are also additional indicators about social issues, from minority rights to gender and education.

“While we do not expect everybody to always agree with our results, the indicators provide a snapshot of the issues at the time of the research and serve to help reformers -inside and outside of government- identify concrete opportunities for improvement,” said Hazel Feigenblatt, Global Integrity’s Managing Director of Research.

The indicators are available online at aii.globalintegrity.org and can be searched by country, by topic or year. A video about how to navigate our online tool is available here, an overview of the findings here, and the methodology here. Infographics are available for download here.

The Africa Integrity Indicators are produced in partnership with the Mo Ibrahim Foundation and are included in the Ibrahim Index of African Governance. They also are used by the World Bank’s Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) and by the Millennium Challenge Corporation.

About Global Integrity (globalintegrity.org): Global Integrity is a leading organization in the open governance space, recognized for its ability to collect high-quality data about various aspects of governance.