Daily Archives: June 26, 2015

Daily Press Briefings : Daily Press Briefing – June 26, 2015

2:01 p.m. EDT

MR KIRBY: Can you hear me now? Is that better? All right. I mean, I can yell if you want me to just yell. I’ll do that, too. (Laughter.)

I just want to start with the – a short statement about the spate of terror attacks today. And then we’re putting out a statement as well, written statement. But I wanted to address it here from the podium.

The United States condemns in the strongest possible terms today’s horrifying terrorist attacks in France, Kuwait, Somalia, and Tunisia, where dozens of innocent civilians – and in the case of Somalia, Burundian peacekeepers – were killed and injured. We express our deepest sympathy to the victims’ families and our heartfelt wishes for the recovery of those injured. The United States grieves with the people and governments of Burundi, France, Kuwait, Somalia, Tunisia, and other nations affected by these vicious attacks, and stands with them in solidarity as they reject terrorism, protect their communities, restore peace and security, and preserve through these tragedies – persevere, I’m sorry, through these tragedies. We will continue to work with all of our allies and partners to address the shared threat of terrorism and violent extremism and to degrade and destroy the ability of these terrorist groups to carry out their callous attacks on innocent people.

I also want to take a moment to welcome today’s participants in the U.S. Foreign Service Internship Program to our briefing. That must be all of you in the back there, the ones who are up here in the front fixing to grill me. Just in its second year, this initiative seeks to give talented and diverse college students a paid opportunity to see U.S. diplomacy up close, and also my pain. The State Department brings them to Washington for training and an internship the first summer and then sends them the next summer to embassies overseas. So welcome. We’re glad to have you here. You are absolutely entitled to ask any questions you want. I don’t have to answer them, but you can ask them. (Laughter.)

And with that, I think we’ll start with you, Lesley.

QUESTION: Yeah, thank you very much. And I assume the Secretary got off – left for Vienna today? Can you confirm?

MR KIRBY: He did. He did.

QUESTION: I want to start off of these attacks in France, in Tunisia, and in —


QUESTION: — Kuwait. You called them horrifying, but the question is: Is there a possibility any of these are linked? Is the U.S. Government considering them as a – as one thing, or that there are common threads in them?

MR KIRBY: Well, there’s – I’ve seen no indication that at a tactical level that they were coordinated, which is what I think you’re getting at.


MR KIRBY: That said, I mean, they are – they – there is a common thread of terrorism here throughout them, clearly. And at the very least, regardless of who claims responsibility for them, certainly at the very least a representation of the continued threat of violent extremism. So from a thematic perspective, of course there are similarities here. That’s why we thought it was appropriate to make a statement at the outset about all of them. And again, I’ve seen nothing with respect to specific tactical coordination.

QUESTION: Well, just —


QUESTION: — coming back to Tunisia, I’m – is there any confirmation of American citizens wounded or killed?

MR KIRBY: I’ve seen nothing on American citizens that were – that fell victim. But as you know, Lesley, most of these victims were tourists, predominantly from Europe. I know at least one nation has identified – I won’t speak to other countries, but I know at least one nation has identified one of their citizens. But no, I’m not aware of any Americans.

QUESTION: Just one follow-up. The other – and has there been – do you know of any alert going out among the U.S. agencies on embassies being on alert for a bigger threat, or —

MR KIRBY: No special alerts going out as a result of these particular attacks today. That said, as you know, back in January we did issue a worldwide caution about travel in particular. And so that stands and stays in effect. I do think that in Kuwait our post there did put out an updated note to U.S. citizens there to avoid the area of the mosque that was targeted. But no, there is not going to – I’m not aware, and I don’t believe there are plans to issue a new warning with respect to these attacks.


QUESTION: Are you —

QUESTION: Can we talk about whether – I understand that you said maybe there’s not a common thread among them. But do you agree with the assessment that Tunisia was carried out by fighters inspired by ISIS as opposed to kind of receiving material support and direction?

MR KIRBY: Too early to say, Elise. And actually, I want to be clear that I think there is a common thread here of extremist –

QUESTION: But coordinated, I mean.

MR KIRBY: — activity. But I haven’t seen – I don’t believe we’ve seen any evidence of tactical coordination.

QUESTION: Tactical coordination among the three people or tactical coordination —

MR KIRBY: Tactical coordination between —


MR KIRBY: — the attacks.


MR KIRBY: Or by anyone or any number of individual terrorist –


MR KIRBY: — organizations. But again, all these – they just happened today. They’re being investigated by appropriate national authorities where they occurred, and I think we need to let that work go on.

QUESTION: To what extent is Libya now the third, kind of, ISIS front? Because there seems to be – there’s a lot of supposition that some of these people are from the kind of Libyan group associated with ISIS, which seems to have more kind of coordination and material support. And you seem to be paying a lot of attention, so to what extent is Libya kind of becoming a third front?

MR KIRBY: I don’t know that we would characterize it in that – in those terms. That said, we’ve been very clear about the growing menace of ISIL in North Africa and Libya specifically. We know that this is a group that wants to metastasize beyond Iraq and Syria, though Iraq and Syria remain the principal theater in which they continue to influence and operate. And – but this has been a constant area of focus for us, not just – frankly not just in North Africa, but around the world.

QUESTION: How do you know that this isn’t – at least the Tunisian attack isn’t the work of AQIM?

MR KIRBY: Well, as I said, Ros, it just happened today, and they’re being investigated, and we’re not in a position today to levy claims of responsibility here from the State Department. The appropriate national authorities are investigating this. Obviously, clearly, they’re all terrorist attacks. Obviously, clearly, they’re driven by extremist ideology. Beyond that, I think we just need to let the investigators do their work and come to the conclusions that they will.

QUESTION: And do you think there’s any significance to the fact that all of these attacks are happening during Ramadan? We recall during the war in Iraq that members of AQ in Iraq would launch these kinds of deadly attacks during Ramadan.

MR KIRBY: We have seen that in the past as you’ve noted. Again, I don’t believe that investigators are at a level now where they know precisely what motivated each one of these and the degree to which Ramadan itself was a factor. We just – I just – too soon to tell right now.


QUESTION: The attack in France involved a U.S. company. Is there information at this point to indicate that that company or a U.S. company in particular was being – or a company headquartered in the U.S. was being targeted?

MR KIRBY: It – the property in question did belong – does belong to an American company, that’s correct. But I would refer you to the French. They’re investigating this, and again, we just don’t have anything specific to say with respect to motivation.

Yes. I didn’t see your hand up.

QUESTION: Do you have any phone calls that Kerry made today in relation to any of these attacks? You can take that, and then I’ll follow up.

MR KIRBY: The Secretary has made some phone calls on the plane. I’m not aware of any that were in relation to these particular attacks, but he’s been very busy on the flight over.

QUESTION: Okay. And then two more. One is if it looks like these might be, like, lone wolf attacks inspired by Islamic State, is – are there any fresh concerns there or any efforts to re-examine – because if it seems like these attacks are becoming more common —

MR KIRBY: Well, again, I don’t want to speak to the motivation behind them. I mean, they’re all being investigated, and we need to let that work continue. And I think we also need to be very careful at this very early stage of trying to draw lines of connection between them. That said, it’s not about fresh concerns over foreign fighters. We’ve long had concerns about foreign fighters. And both being self-radicalized elsewhere and heading into the fight or heading from the fight back to home countries, it remains a very serious concern.

Whether you call that lone wolf or foreign fighter, whatever you want to call it, it’s something that obviously we’re very, very focused on. It remains a challenge, and it remains a constant area of concern for not just the United States, but countries all over the world. And they’re taking it seriously. I think I’ve said before more than 30 countries in the coalition have taken legal and administrative actions to try to stem the flow of foreign fighters, and we’ve been talking about foreign fighters pretty much all week in terms of what’s going on in Syria. So remains a very significant concern.

QUESTION: New topic?

QUESTION: No, one more. Are you able to say whether General Allen has been in touch with any of the officials in these three countries about the attacks given that he is trying to work on stopping ISIL’s actions and influence across the region and around the world?

MR KIRBY: I’m not aware of any communication that General Allen may have had today. I mean, let me take the question and we’ll see if we can get back to you on that —


MR KIRBY: — but I’m not aware.

QUESTION: Turkey? Turkish press reported that Secretary Kerry and FM Cavusoglu had a phone call today. You have a readout or anything?

MR KIRBY: I don’t have a readout of that call. Let me try to get back to you on that.

QUESTION: Can I ask another question on Turkey?


QUESTION: You said last Tuesday that you haven’t seen any evidence or indications supporting that there is a cooperation between ISIS and Assad regime. Turkish foreign ministry spokesperson Tanju Bilgic commented on it and said that this statement contradicted what Marie Harf said last June here on this podium. She said, “Assad is seeking to bolster their position for his own cynical reasons.” She meant ISIS. So do you see any contradiction between Marie Harf’s statements and yours?

MR KIRBY: No. The question that was put to me was whether we saw tacit cooperation between ISIL and the Assad regime, and I gave you an honest answer. We’ve not seen that. And as a matter of fact, I mean, I think it’s clear from some of the activity that the Assad regime has participated in as recently as just the last month or so that they continue to see ISIL as a threat to them as well. I mean, we’ve talked about that before. So no, I don’t see any difference.

QUESTION: A third question?

MR KIRBY: Sure. I guess we’re going to stay on Turkey.

QUESTION: Okay. Pro-Kurdish HDP leader Demirtas told German press that Kurdish-U.S. collaboration against ISIS is tactical and there will be an ideological conflict between these two sides since Kurdish movement is anti-imperialist after ISIS gone. So do you think this collaboration between Kurdish forces and United States is tactical or something deeper? What do you think about that?

MR KIRBY: I didn’t get the whole question. Cooperation between —

QUESTION: He says the cooperation between United States and Kurdish forces in northern Syria is tactical rather than ideological or rather than something deeper.

MR KIRBY: Again, we’ve talked about this all week. The degree to which we’re cooperating with those Kurdish fighters in northern Syria has been limited principally to airstrikes, and we continue to conduct airstrikes in Syria against ISIL positions. And I think that those strikes will continue, and that’s basically, in essence – that’s where that cooperation stays.


QUESTION: Change of subject?

MR KIRBY: Go ahead.

QUESTION: Do you have a readout about Deputy Blinken’s meeting yesterday with the senior Saudi officials?

MR KIRBY: I don’t have a readout for you, no, uh-uh.

QUESTION: John, can we change the subject?


QUESTION: I’m going to try and tackle the ones on Hillary Clinton emails here. Last night a U.S. official said they were – they weren’t able to – the State Department’s been unable to locate all or part of 15 emails from Hillary Clinton’s personal server.


QUESTION: How does one – how does one now – well, the question that this raises is whether there are other emails that she might also have not sent. How does the State Department know this to be the case, and what are the repercussions of these missing emails and the greater – and perhaps even more that she – that weren’t sent to the State Department?

MR KIRBY: Well, we don’t know the degree to which there may be other emails that another third party may have, in this case Mr. Blumenthal, that we do not have. I think it’s important to remember the scope of the task before us – 55,000 pages of emails that former Secretary Clinton provided, essentially 30,000 emails is about the rough number of actual email traffic there – that we’re still going through. And again, yeah, there were about 15 that Mr. Blumenthal had provided the select committee that we could not find in our inventory. And that was a massive inventory and it took a little while to go through that.

But I couldn’t possibly hypothesize about what other email traffic might relate to Benghazi or Libya that we don’t have. Again, we only knew about these 15 because Mr. Blumenthal had them and provided them to the select committee, so there was something to check it against. But we’re still going through this, and that’s going to – and we’re on a rolling schedule here to make them public through the FOIA process and we’ll continue to do that.

QUESTION: And given that you’ve discovered this, have you – has the State Department re-asked Secretary Kerry – sorry, Secretary Clinton again whether she’s provided everything?



MR KIRBY: No. Our – I think it’s really important to understand our mandate here. We were in receipt of the email traffic that former Secretary Clinton provided, that she had gone through and decided were official in scope. So we’re the receivers of that. We’re not tasking it out. And again, we’re going through all those right now.

QUESTION: But I mean, I understand what you’re saying is you don’t know how many Benghazi emails or Libya emails, but – and it also – I mean, you also have to note that what the State Department said was that you don’t – the substance of those emails was not about Benghazi.

MR KIRBY: Of the 15, we were —

QUESTION: Of the 15 —

MR KIRBY: Yes, we were clear about that in our communication with the committee that of the 15 that we did not have that Mr. Blumenthal had, they were not specifically related to Benghazi —

QUESTION: So – and you —

MR KIRBY: — which was the original mandate —

QUESTION: Which was the original mandate.

MR KIRBY: — of the select committee.

QUESTION: And so now has the committee come back to you? Has the committee come back to you and officially said – is the committee coming back now to task you with things that are not related to Benghazi? That’s my first question.

MR KIRBY: Not now, but in – but they have, yes. In March, they expanded the scope of information of what they wanted to all things Libya-related, which is not an insignificant ask because lots of things during Secretary Clinton’s tenure had to do with Libya.

QUESTION: Right, right.

MR KIRBY: I mean, Libya is a big country and there was a lot of activity there in Libya —


MR KIRBY: — not all related to the Benghazi attack.


MR KIRBY: So it’s not an insignificant ask. And as I said, I think, to your question a week or so ago, that adds time, it adds resources, it makes the —


MR KIRBY: It makes the task more difficult.

QUESTION: And just to follow up on that particular point, and Secretary Kerry has said even though this is – they’ve expanded their inquiry, that you’re going to cooperate with that?

MR KIRBY: He has, yes. But —

QUESTION: Has he put limits on it?

MR KIRBY: No, not that I’m aware of, no. I mean, he’s been very clear we’re going to do all that we can to cooperate with the select committee. I mean, he’s – and people here at the State Department are well aware that that’s the tasking he’s given. We’re going to cooperate as much as possible, as much as we can to the fullest extent.

QUESTION: Even beyond their official mandate of —

MR KIRBY: It’s – well, it’s not for us to determine what they believe their mandate is.

QUESTION: Well, they’re investigating you, so it may not be whether – it may not be for – up to you to, quote-un-quote, “determine.” But certainly, you must have some feelings about it since this committee was set up to look at Benghazi, they’re in essence investigating the State Department in some ways, and now they’re expanding their inquiry.

MR KIRBY: We certainly note that the request for information has been expanded. Secretary Kerry has made it clear he wants us to cooperate with the committee to the fullest extent and to be as helpful as we can. That said – and we’ve made this clear – the more that’s being asked for with respect to that – to their task, the longer it’s going to take, the more resources are going to have to be applied when it goes well beyond what the original mandate was.

QUESTION: Do you feel they’re moving the goalposts?

MR KIRBY: Well, they certainly have expanded —


MR KIRBY: — the scope of information and material that they are seeking, and not by a small amount, Elise. I mean, as I said, all things Libya encompasses a lot of history and lot of material.

QUESTION: And just to – I’ll finish up. Just to Lesley’s question, I understand what you’re saying, that there may not be – there may be stuff related to Libya that you said you don’t know that you have all the stuff related to Libya.

MR KIRBY: Well —

QUESTION: Like, there’s no way to determine —

MR KIRBY: Unless you have another —

QUESTION: You don’t know what you don’t have.

MR KIRBY: Unless you have another inventory to check it against.

QUESTION: Right, right.

MR KIRBY: Like in this case, we had Mr. Blumenthal’s emails.

QUESTION: Right, right.

MR KIRBY: It’s hard to know. Again, our task is not to – is not to —

QUESTION: But when you asked Secretary Clinton for those emails – the 50,000 – or you asked her for her emails that she considered work-related, you asked her for all the emails that were considered work-related, correct?

MR KIRBY: She, at the time she turned them over, said that she had turned over all those that she deemed were work-related.

QUESTION: So clearly, these 15 were work-related even if they weren’t Benghazi-related?

MR KIRBY: Well, again, I mean, there’s 15 —

QUESTION: Well, I mean, they’re about Libya, so obviously —

MR KIRBY: There’s about – there’s 15 that we didn’t think were – as we saw them, did not —


MR KIRBY: — meet the Benghazi-specific request.

QUESTION: But they certainly meet the work-related benchmark, correct?

MR KIRBY: That would appear to be so.

QUESTION: Okay. So how do you know that the 50,000 emails is the total work-related work product of that server?

MR KIRBY: Well, all we can know is the content of what we have. I mean, there’s no other way I can answer that question.

QUESTION: So I understand, but you didn’t ask Secretary Clinton for her archival of emails because of the Benghazi committee. You asked her for her work product —

MR KIRBY: Right.

QUESTION: — and it turns out that you don’t have the full work product, even if it’s just – I’m not saying that it’s more than 15, but even if it’s just 15, you don’t have the work product. So why haven’t you gone back and said, hey, we’re missing these 15, are you sure there aren’t more.

MR KIRBY: This wasn’t about us asking; it was about her providing. She provided those that she deemed were work-related. We’re still going through them; there’s a lot more to go through. Thirty thousand emails and fifty-five thousand pages. Again, we’re talking about 15 here. And I don’t – I’m not dismissing it qualitatively. Obviously, there are 15 that we didn’t have that Mr. Blumenthal had. They were Libya related. That’s all a matter of fact, but it’s 15 when you think about 30,000, you have to put in some perspective though.


QUESTION: When is the next batch coming out?

MR KIRBY: I don’t have a date for you, but I would expect fairly soon.

QUESTION: But you have a deadline.

MR KIRBY: Fairly soon, fairly soon.


QUESTION: Is there going to be any sort of investigation into the disparity at this point or —

MR KIRBY: For the 15?


MR KIRBY: I know of no such investigation, certainly not by the State Department, no.

QUESTION: And who would ask for those? I mean, would it have to be the committee who would have to say to Secretary Clinton what happened to those 15? Because it’s not up to the State Department.

MR KIRBY: We don’t have them to give, so —


MR KIRBY: — that would be a matter between the select committee and former Secretary Clinton.

QUESTION: I guess just beyond the missing 15, is there going to be some sort of, like, broader probe about missing emails generally?

MR KIRBY: No, no.


QUESTION: A question about the normalization of U.S.-Cuba, if I may. Are – I’d like to get an idea: What is the State Department’s benchmark for when editors around the world, U.S. editors, can say that normalization has been achieved between U.S. and Cuba? Is it going to be, for example, when the embassies are open, the U.S. flag goes up in Havana as a formal U.S. embassy and ambassadors are exchanged, or is there another criteria that it won’t necessarily mark full normalization when the embassies are exchanged?

MR KIRBY: My understanding is that normalization occurs when embassies are opened and are staffed by and led by ambassadors.

QUESTION: So in other words, newspapers could put out a headline saying relations are restored when the flag is raised in Havana?

MR KIRBY: I don’t make it a practice to tell newspaper editors —

QUESTION: No, no. I know, but just —

MR KIRBY: — when or how to write headlines, but I mean, that’s the basic understanding of the formal return of diplomatic relations is when embassies are established.

QUESTION: Thank you.


QUESTION: Related to Cuba?


QUESTION: How are the discussions going with – to try to reopen the embassy? Are there – has there been an agreement on that yet? And number two, when can we expect an announcement on the 15 days? (Laughter.) My usual question.

MR KIRBY: Yes. I mean, progress continues to be made in our discussions with Cuban authorities. I don’t have anything in terms of timing or schedule to announce today, but the talks are ongoing and I think everybody shares, on both sides, the same sense of purpose here to get this done. And when we have something to announce, we will.

QUESTION: How would you characterize the shape and scope of the discussions right now? Are they being done on a lower level than Assistant Secretary Jacobson’s level? Are there plans to have another round of face-to-face discussions between her and Councilor Vidal?

MR KIRBY: I’m not – I don’t have anything on her schedule to speak to, but clearly she’s been very personally involved in this and remains personally involved in this. And the Secretary’s grateful for Assistant Secretary Jacobson’s leadership on this. It’s also safe to say that in any kind of discussion like this it’s going to exist on multiple levels over time, so it’s not just Assistant Secretary Jacobson. I mean, it’s members of her staff, it’s members of the people that work in the interest section down there as well as staff at various levels from the Cuban side as well.

The discussions are ongoing. I would say that they are moving forward in a very productive way. And again, when we have something more specific to announce, we will.

QUESTION: Can we go back to the emails?


QUESTION: At a press club event, the experts spoke about wiping clean the server and deleting the emails. So they are technically two different things: If the emails are deleted, they can be brought back to life. If it is wiped clean – the server – then it becomes much more difficult. Is the State Department aware about this difference that is going on with the —

MR KIRBY: No, I think – again, I think it’s important to remind everybody what our role here is. We did not determine what 55,000 pages were turned over. Former Secretary Clinton did after she went through her emails and determined what was work-related. And she herself has called for these emails to be made public. Secretary Kerry has made it clear that we’re going to make them public through the FOIA process in time and over time. And that’s what our focus is on, not on the existence of the server or what might have been done to it. That’s not for the State Department to speak to. Our job, very clearly: go through those emails and on a rolling production basis make them public through FOIA – through the Freedom of Information Act.


QUESTION: Can I go to East Asia? This one – Japan. Japanese Government yesterday announced the next G7 foreign ministerial summit to be held in Hiroshima. So this logically will be the first time for the U.S. Secretary of State to visit Hiroshima, and there is a kind of expectation there, like is he going to go to the atomic bomb memorial or Peace Park. What’s the – do you have any reaction to that?

MR KIRBY: No, I don’t. I don’t have anything on the Secretary’s schedule in that regard to speak to today. I think that’s just a little too soon for us to comment specifically about that locale.

QUESTION: Okay. And one more on South Korea: Yesterday’s Human Rights Reports South Korea says about the freedom of press, that United States are concerned about defamation laws limiting freedom of press and pointing out one example of a Japanese correspondent colleague in Seoul being indicted because of writing a column about President Park.


QUESTION: So putting this on your annual report, is it going to be kind of a discussion issue between the United States and South Korea?

MR KIRBY: I think the two things I’d point you to is, one, that this report was for 2014. I believe there’s been some action taken in this case since the report was concluded, and again, I would – this is for the South Korean Government to speak to. The report speaks for itself. We had a pretty fulsome briefing here yesterday on each country, and it’s all up there online for people to read.

I think it’s important to remember just more broadly that just because there may be specific or anecdotal evidence of human rights issues in countries around the world, that that doesn’t mean that you don’t engage with those – with most of those countries at various levels. I mean, engagement means and dialogue means being able to continue to talk through these issues.

Okay – last one.

QUESTION: Yeah, last one. A related question with the gay marriage legalized in the U.S. I know that LGBT rights are a high priority of the State Department, so I would like to know if the decision of the Supreme Court in the U.S. will give you even more leverage to press countries, especially in Africa, to end the criminalizations of homosexual activities.

MR KIRBY: Well, the Secretary welcomes the decision by the Supreme Court. He has, as you know, been a strong and active proponent of equal rights in that regard here at the department and of course at our posts all around the world. And I think he believes that the Supreme Court decision does speak to the principles of the United States of America and what we as a country stand for, which is that everyone is created equal and that as a principle and as a national security interest of ours – this kind of equality – that yes, it does show the power of our example to the rest of the world.

Okay. You guys don’t have any questions? Nothing, huh? Giving you a pass. No? All right. Thanks, everybody. Have a good weekend. (Applause.)

(The briefing was concluded at 2:31 p.m.)

28 Dead in Tunisia Tourist Resort Attack

NNA – At least 28 people including foreigners were killed Friday in a mass shooting at a Tunisian beach resort packed with holidaymakers, in the North African country’s worst attack in recent history.

The carnage came on a day of bloodshed with a suicide bomber killing 25 people at a Shiite mosque in Kuwait and a suspected Islamist attacking a factory in France.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for the Tunisian attack, but the Islamic State group, which marks June 29 as the first anniversary of its “caliphate” straddling Iraq and Syria, said it was behind the Kuwait bombing.
Witnesses described scenes of panic after the shooting at the Marhaba Hotel in the tourist district of Port el Kantaoui on the northern outskirts of Sousse, about 140 kilometers (87 miles) south of Tunis.
Interior ministry spokesman Mohamed Ali Aroui told AFP the toll is “28 dead including tourists”, without giving their nationalities.
Health ministry official Henda Chebbi told Mosaique FM radio that 12 people were hospitalized with various injuries.
“It was a terrorist attack” targeting the Marhaba Hotel, Aroui said.
“The assailant was killed,” he added, without ruling out the possibility of more than one attacker.
Secretary of State for Security Rafik Chelly told Mosaique FM the gunman was a Tunisian student unknown to authorities.
“He entered by the beach, dressed like someone who was going to swim, and he had a beach umbrella with his gun in it. Then when he came to the beach he used his weapon,” Chelly said.
The shooting was the worst in modern-day Tunisia and came just nearly three months after a March attack on the Bardo National Museum in Tunis killed 21 foreign tourists and a policeman.
IS claimed responsibility for the Bardo attack although Tunisia says it was carried out by an Algerian jihadist.
Gary Pine, a British holidaymaker, said Friday’s shooting happened at around midday (1100 GMT) when the beach was thronged.
“Over to our left, about 100 yards (meters) or so away, we saw what we thought was firecrackers going off,” Pine told Britain’s Sky News television.
“Only when you could start hearing bullets whizzing around your ear do you realize it was something a lot more serious than firecrackers.”
Pine said panic spread quickly and people scrambled for safety.
“There was a mass exodus off the beach,” said Pine, adding he heard 20 or 30 shots.
“My son was in the sea at the time and of course my wife and myself were shouting for him to get out the sea quick and as we ran up the beach he said: ‘I just saw someone get shot’.”
Holidaymaker Susan Ricketts said people were “running and screaming… crying and going hysterical”.
Dublin woman Elizabeth O’Brien told Ireland’s RTE radio she also heard what appeared to be fireworks before realizing it was gunfire.
“I ran to the sea to my children and grabbed our things and, as I was running towards the hotel, the waiters and the security on the beach started shouting ‘Run, run, run’,” she said.
The tourist area was later completely sealed off by security forces, a witness told AFP by telephone.
The French embassy in Tunis, in an SMS message, urged its nationals to be vigilant and to “limit travel and avoid gatherings”.
President Francois Hollande of France and his Tunisian counterpart Beji Caid Essebsi both expressed their “solidarity in face of terrorism”, a French statement issued in Paris said.
Tunisia, the birthplace of the Arab Spring, has seen a surge in radical Islam since veteran president Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was ousted in the 2011 revolution.
Dozens of members of the security forces have been killed since then in jihadist attacks.
In October 2013, a suicide bomber blew himself up in a botched attack on a beach in Sousse while security forces foiled another planned attack nearby.
Even before the latest attack, Tunisia’s tourism industry had been bracing for a heavy blow from the Bardo museum shooting but was determined to woo tourists with new security measures and an advertising campaign.
Tourism Minister Salma Rekik announced in April a raft of measures to bolster security in tourist areas and on roads leading to them, and to tighten controls at airports.
The tourism sector, which accounts for seven percent of Tunisia’s GDP and almost 400,000 direct and indirect jobs, had already been rattled by political instability and rising Islamist violence. ——–AFP


Statement of the HR/VP Federica Mogherini on the terrorist attacks in France, Tunisia and Kuwait

The chain of attacks in France, Tunisia and Kuwait is a stark reminder that no country and no region can ignore the challenge posed by terrorists. They aim at destabilising our societies by spreading fear, suspicion, prejudice. Both Europe and the Arab world are targeted. Together we cry for our victims – and together we will stand against violence and sectarianism.

The terrorists want to divide us: our response will be more unity. No nation, no power can carry out this fight alone. We need a truly global alliance, an alliance of civilisations. For this is not a fight among different worlds, the North versus the South, the West versus the Rest.

We face the same challenge. We are witnessing an unprecedented attempt to manipulate religion to justify terrorism and to foster divisions inside our societies.

We will not fall into the trap. Europe stays committed to defending the security of its citizens while safeguarding the diversity of our societies. The European Union will keep working with all its partners to fight terrorism and shore up peace and stability in our neighbourhood.

I offer my condolences to the people of France, Tunisia, and Kuwait and to all the families of those killed and wounded today. My thoughts also go to the people of Syria, Iraq and also Nigeria, who are among the first victims of terrorist attacks almost every day.


IRIN’s Top Picks: Open data, clichés and bush meat

DUBAI, 26 June 2015 (IRIN) – Welcome to IRIN’s reading list. Every week our global network of specialist correspondents share their top picks of recent must-read research, interviews, reports, blogs and in-depth articles to help you keep on top of global crises. We also highlight key upcoming conferences, book releases and policy debates.

Five to read:

Report of the Independent Commission of Inquiry on the 2014 Gaza conflict

The 2014 Israel-Gaza conflict led to the deaths of 1,462 Palestinian civilians, one third of them children. Six Israeli civilians were also killed by Palestinian rockets. This new UN report reveals the devastating human toll of the 51-day operation and examines the exchange of fire in unprecedented detail. Accusing both sides of war crimes, it singles out Israel for its use of explosive weapons in heavily populated areas, while noting that Palestinian militants sent rockets indiscriminately into Israel. The report will be presented to the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva on 29 June.
The question is, as we asked this week, will it make any difference?

Is it a bird? Is it a plane? No, it’s the unsung heroes of DFID

A welcome riposte to a “cringe-worthy” story in Britain’s Evening Standard newspaper dubbing a team from the UK government aid agency, “humanitarian heroes,” and comparing them to characters from cult western the Magnificent Seven. “The image that this article projects of young British superheroes parachuting in to fix the world’s problems is a lazy trope which ignores the complexity of providing responsible international support during humanitarian crises,” notes AidLeap blog. And it adds: “(it) Simultaneously dismisses the very real fact that it is the people affected by disasters and crises who are the real humanitarian heroes.”

Behind on 30 percent local spending target, USAID eyes ‘100 percent sustainability

Given the current buzz around aid financing and the need for big donors to spend more money locally, this is a timely analysis of USAID’s bid to channel 30 percent of mission program funding to local organisations by the end of 2015. According to the latest data, it is likely to fall well short of this lofty goal, having directed just 16.9 percent of funds locally in 2014, down from 17.9 percent the previous year. Elizabeth Warfield, USAID’s coordinator for Local Solutions, rows back from the 30 percent target and tells Devex that “100 percent sustainability” – using all of its resources to build and sustain local systems – is now USAID’s overriding objective.

If I ran the innovation zoo

This cutting critique of the world of humanitarian innovation starts innocently enough, explaining how the Dr. Seuss book, “If I ran the zoo,” is about a boy reimagining his perfect zoo. But blogger Linda Raftree is using this playful concept to make a very serious point. The boy’s new zoo “looks a lot like today’s world of development sector innovation,” she writes. “Great ideas and discoveries; fresh things to look at, play with and marvel at; but also quite laden with an adolescent boy’s special brand of ego and hubris.” Raftree scolds a sector in which, “Those who ‘win’ at innovation are congratulated on TED (talk) stages,” and highlights the fallacy in using ideas fostered in the capitalist, colonial system that entrenched inequality in the first place. “If I ran the zoo,” she says, “I’d take innovation in a different direction. I’d try to figure out how to dismantle the zoo.”

Five famous African women who were once refugees

After a week of gloomy headlines about asylum-seekers and migrants, here’s an upbeat list of five successful and inspiring African women who were once refugees. Among those featured are: Sudanese supermodel Alek Wek; Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, former South African home affairs minister and now chair of the African Union; and Yolande Mukagasana Clemence Evariste, a leading Rwandan human rights campaigner.

Two to listen to:

Ticket to Hide

BBC Radio 4’s File on Four goes on a journey through Italy and France to follow migrants making their way to the UK. Combining interviews with migrants and officials with keen observational journalism, this is an important listen for anyone trying to understand the current migration crisis and why states seems so powerless to react.

Deeper than Data

The first in a new series of podcasts from the team at AidData looks at the role of open data in relief efforts and how mapping can help us become better prepared for future disasters.  The hosts also take a look at aid flows to the recent earthquake in Nepal and how they were tracked.

Coming up:

Findings from the 2015 Global Humanitarian Assistance Report

Monday 6 July – 11.30 GMT
Arundel House, London

On the back of its 2015 Global Humanitarian Assistance Report, Development Initiatives is hosting a talk about aid funding and how resources can be better mobilised to address crises and reduce risk and vulnerability. Panel members include Kristalina Georgieva (co-chair of the UN secretary general’s High Level Panel on Humanitarian Financing), Ben Ramalingam, a research associate at the Overseas Development Institute (ODI), and Sandra Aviles, senior advisor, Development and Humanitarian Affairs at FAO/IASC Humanitarian Financing Task Team/Future Humanitarian Financing (FHF). A live-stream is available.

From IRIN:

Bush meat trade roaring again despite Ebola ban

As Liberia approaches two months without Ebola, bush meat – a known source of the virus – is back on the menu. IRIN found monkeys, antelope, raccoons, rodents, bats, and a variety of other animals native to the country’s forests of Liberia once again freely available at local market stalls. The government officially banned the hunting and sale of bush meat in July 2014, but despite this, and the heavy toll Ebola has wrought on the country, many Liberians are reluctant to change their traditional eating habits.


Happy 70th, UN Charter

The treaty that created the United Nations turns 70 years old today. On June 26, 1945 leaders from 50 of the original member states gathered in San Francisco to sign the United Nations Charter. Ban Ki Moon is back in the Bay Area today for celebrations to commemorate the event. Mark speaks with historian Stephen Schlesinger who discusses the fascinating–and legitimately entertaining —  historiography of the UN Charter. A naked Winston Churchill is central to this story. UN Nerds, international affairs enthusiasts and history buffs will enjoy this conversation.  (Global Dispatches Podcast  http://bit.ly/1LsdWek)

More Trouble in Burundi. The USA and Belgium are in the Thick of It…”One of Burundi’s vice presidents has fled to Belgium, saying he had been threatened after denouncing President Pierre Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term in office, an allegation denied by Burundi’s government…Rallies have petered out but the mood remains tense. Three grenade attacks in the capital on Thursday injured several people, the latest in a series of similar assaults in the past week that have killed four people and injured dozens in Bujumbura and other towns. The U.S. embassy said students camped out in a nearby construction site had fled after police entered the area on Thursday, and about 100 had taken refuge in an embassy parking area. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1SNst6C)

Pledges total $3bn for Nepal Recovery…”International donors and multilateral agencies have pledged about $3 billion in aid to help rebuild Nepal as it struggles to recover from a devastating earthquake.  The Himalayan nation got the largest pledges from its two giant neighbors, India and China.” (VOA http://bit.ly/1SNrFia)

And the most peaceful country in the world is…According to the nonprofit Institute for Economics and Peace, Iceland, the thinly populated island in the midst of the North Atlantic has retained its place as the most peaceful country in the world. (CNN http://cnn.it/1GtAbuW)

Should I stay, or should I go? South Africa said it may withdraw from the International Criminal Court after controversy rose last week over its refusal to arrest Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on genocide charges. (VOA http://bit.ly/1Jlyi9E)

Quote of the Day: “We must face hard truths — if the current rate of new HIV infections continues, merely sustaining the major efforts we already have in place will not be enough to stop deaths from AIDS increasing within five years in many countries,” said Peter Piot, director of the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1QRLcAr)


Authorities in Sierra Leone quarantined three doctors and 28 nurses in the capital Freetown when a mother tested positive for Ebola after giving birth, the health ministry said on Thursday. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1GKkyS1)

Guinea will put four villages under a 21-day quarantine as part of a robust strategy to stamp out a lingering Ebola epidemic after new cases of the disease were discovered there. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1Jlzda9)

The United Nations said it has started an emergency program to distribute planting seeds and medical aid as a food and health crisis looms in northern Cameroon. The region is hosting thousands of refugees and people internally displaced by Boko Haram fighting. (VOA http://bit.ly/1GKkxha)

Warring forces in South Sudan have abducted as many as a thousand more child soldiers in the latest abuses in the 18-month long civil war, monitors said Thursday, amid fresh efforts to bring rivals back to talks. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Lxr42W)

Africa can create jobs, improve social services and cut poverty if its governments can stem the $50 billion a year lost in illicit outflows, mainly through multinationals, campaigners said on Thursday. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1LxqYIK)

A Tanzanian court ordered an Islamist rebel leader on Thursday to be extradited to Uganda to face murder charges, though he said he would appeal against the decision. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1Lxrian)

The British government told Ethiopia on Thursday its treatment of an imprisoned opposition figure, who is also a British national, was unacceptable and that the case risked hurting ties between the two countries. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Lxr6bb)

In the Democratic Republic of Congo, joint operations by the Congolese army and the United Nations mission MONUSCO have weakened one of the most active rebel groups in the country.  The mission chief said that about a quarter of the combatants with the FRPI rebel group have been taken out of action in the past four weeks. (VOA http://bit.ly/1GKkzFJ)

China’s Defence Ministry on Thursday declined to confirm a report that it was in talks for a military base in Horn of Africa country Djibouti, though it said all countries had an interest in regional peace and stability. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1Jlz5aA)


Show me the money…United Nations aid agencies said on Thursday that a $4.5 billion appeal to tackle the Syrian refugee crisis in 2015 was less than a quarter funded, putting millions of vulnerable people at risk, and had already led to cuts in vital assistance. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Lxr5DZ)

Eight international NGOs delivering desperately needed food, blankets and medical aid to war-torn Syria have finally been granted legal status in Turkey after years of deadlocked applications. (IRIN http://bit.ly/1Jlyt4Z)

Journalists face unprecedented threats in President Abdel-Fattah el-Sissi’s Egypt, a watchdog group said Thursday, with the highest number behind bars since it began keeping records in 1990. (AP http://yhoo.it/1GKkthp)


The worst heat wave to hit Pakistan’s southern city of Karachi for nearly 35 years has killed more than 1,000 people, a charity said on Thursday, as morgues ran out of space and public hospitals struggled to cope. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Lxr3Mj)

South Korea on Thursday announced a $14 billion stimulus package to boost its troubled economy, hammered by the deadly MERS outbreak which has dented consumer spending and business sentiment. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1GKkrGb)

The Americas

A US House of Representatives Homeland Security subcommittee held a hearing Wednesday on the possible security risks involved with resettling some of the estimated 4 million refugees from the brutal civil war in Syria in the United States.  (VOA http://bit.ly/1Lxrgiy)

President Barack Obama on Wednesday announced a reform of U.S. policies for dealing with kidnappers. Mr. Obama said the U.S. will use “all instruments of national power” to recover Americans held by terrorists in other countries. (VOA http://bit.ly/1LxriHd)

As spotlight returns to decades-long violence against native women and girls in Canada, calls for national inquiry have been rebuffed but groups refuse to give up. (Guardian http://bit.ly/1QRL4kz)

…and the rest

Britain’s Foreign Office has launched an inquiry into its foreign aid spending after a tabloid newspaper reported that it had spent thousands of pounds on initiatives such as Hamlet workshops in Ecuador and a television game show in Ethiopia. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1SNs4kv)

Faced with increasing chaos at its borders, the EU Commission is urging member states to take a tougher stance on migrant returns. Draft conclusions from Thursday’s EU summit in Brussels note that “all tools shall be mobilised to promote readmission of illegal migrants to countries of origin and transit,” and that an increased budget will be made available to support more effective returns. (IRIN http://bit.ly/1QRKRO6)


The Perfect Package for Reducing Poverty Is Made Up of Different Parts (The Conversation http://bit.ly/1QRL5Vr)

Health sector first casualty of Myanmar aid cuts (DevPolicy http://bit.ly/1LFQbxx)

When foreign companies want local land (WhyDev http://bit.ly/1KcNp41)

Internet in Africa – Empowerment or Exploitation? (DW http://bit.ly/1LxriqV)

Ten reasons why European governments should back a global tax body (Reuters http://bit.ly/1Jly4zz)

Development finance’s $83bn question: who will pay for gender equality?(Guardian http://bit.ly/1SNs1oO)

Just when I despair that decades of intellectual work on development have fallen on deaf ears, comes stuff like this (Chris Blattman http://bit.ly/1BM8O2R)

Tackling Grand Corruption: Guatemala’s Successful Experiment (Global Anticorruption Blog http://bit.ly/1KcOXuQ)

Who is the richest man in history? (From Poverty to Power http://bit.ly/1KcOd8X)

Term limits in central Africa: utility or artifact? (Eyes Wide Open http://bit.ly/1KcOkBm)
This giant mural in downtown Oakland Commemorates the 70th Anniversary of the United Nations Charter. (UN Dispatch http://bit.ly/1Lx3R0X)