Monthly Archives: April 2015

Speeches: Keynote Address for ECDC Plenary Session

Thank you so much for that kind introduction. And thank you for the work you do every day to resettle refugees in this country.

This year’s conference theme is an important one. It underscores the need to speak and act on behalf of the innocent men, women and children everywhere who fall victim to persecution and violence. To help them, we have to work together, listen to their voices and find our own.

Federal state and local governments, resettlement agencies, churches, schools, the private sector, and committed volunteers all have crucial roles to play. You are there on the ground, every day, making one of our nation’s most hallowed ideals a reality.

The United States prides itself on being a beacon of hope and opportunity for those who are oppressed and cast adrift. But you are the ones who know what it takes to start over again in a strange place. You extend a kind and steady hand to those who are taking the first steps into a new life. Your dedication, expertise, and compassion make all the difference.

PRM

We at the Bureau of Population Refugees and Migration know what being resettled here means to refugees, because we have seen where they have come from and what they have endured.

We know the perilous routes they take, through desolate and war ravaged lands, the borders they cross with nothing but what they can carry in their arms, and the places where they seek refuge – the sprawling, dusty camps and teaming slums not sure whether they will ever be able pick up the pieces of their lives, their careers, their education, their families, and everything else that has been swept away. And not knowing when or how it will end.

Less than 1% of the millions who become refugees get accepted for resettlement in a third country. Some refugees eventually return home, but many remain in exile for years – in fact an average of over 17 years.

Refugees and displaced people need safety, sustenance, and hope – in the chaos of war, and the panic of flight, and the tedious years that can follow. Regardless of where they are and where they are headed, PRM works to safeguard their lives and their dignity.

Diplomacy is one tool we use. Within the State Department, in bilateral talks and global conferences, we call attention to the plight of civilians in harm’s way. We galvanize international support for relief efforts and work with other governments to keep borders open and aid flowing.

The United States also provides more humanitarian assistance around the world than any other nation. PRM funds aid groups that respond to emergencies and protracted conflicts including UNHCR, the International Committee of the Red Cross, the International Organization for Migration and the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East, and a host of leading non-governmental organizations.

Today’s Challenges

The task of protecting and assisting displaced people has grown ever more complicated and challenging. I will talk today about this changing landscape and how we are adjusting to it.

The first problem is volume. The sheer number and scale of the crises raging around the world is almost surreal. According to UNHCR, more people are now scattered by war, persecution, and violence than at any time since World War II.

More conflicts are chronic. New catastrophes erupt, while old fights often simmer on for years with periodic flare ups.

Solutions are proving elusive. Even when the international organizations and diplomats reach a consensus on how to stop the fighting, we often can’t. Too many politicians and combatants seem impervious to diplomatic pressure, and indifferent to the suffering of their people.

Today’s conflicts are also shockingly brutal. Civilians aren’t just getting caught in the crossfire. They are being deliberately and indiscriminately killed, as warring parties lay siege to neighborhoods, burn villages, and even target hospitals and schools.

And saving lives has become more dangerous. Barrel bombs, bullets, and machetes have killed humanitarian workers too. Some have even been beheaded.

International humanitarian principles are being trampled. Boundaries, once honored even in wartime, have been crossed.

This is certainly happening in Syria. That calamity, the worst in a generation, has now driven half of the Syrian people from their homes, spawning murderous extremism and suffering that seems never to end.

Right now we are facing a particular emergency in Yarmouk, where Palestinian refugees are trapped between ISIS and government troops, cut off from food and water and in grave danger.

Meanwhile, Iraqi troops are battling ISIS, Libya and Yemen have descended into chaos, and terrorism has metastasized in these countries too. ISIS’s promotional videos – the pride it takes in slaughtering innocent civilians like the Ethiopians and Eritreans recently murdered in Libya – raise chilling questions about human beings’ capacity for evil.

Nigeria’s successful election may portend more success in fighting terrorism, but Boko Haram has spent years ravaging northern Nigeria and emptying out villages and the humanitarian needs there and in neighboring countries are vast and will remain so for some time to come. Al Shabaab is committing mass murder in Kenya, religious minorities are fleeing persecution in Burma, and separatists are still trying to dismember Ukraine.

In the Central African Republic, there has been some progress, but it’s fragile. Brutal attacks by both Seleka and anti-balaka militias forced hundreds of thousands to flee the country. Villages were torched and civilians traumatized and killed. Supporting recovery and reconciliation will take time and attention and we cannot lose focus.

While PRM is responding to all of these crises and more around the world, my primary responsibility is for our Africa programs. I recently traveled to Ethiopia, the country that helped give ECDC its start and its name.

In fact, I first traveled to Ethiopia 17 years ago as a young aid worker. It was a formative experience for me. Visiting refugee camps for the first time, learning about the work of the United Nations, and equally unforgettable, taking a weekend trip to Lalibela and Gondar.

Today, Ethiopia hosts nearly 700,000 refugees — more than any other African nation. And what I saw there and discussed with the government, refugees, and aid agencies, provides some concrete examples of the dilemmas policymakers, donors, and humanitarians are facing today.

In the past year and a half, more than 250,000 refugees have poured into Ethiopia. Some have come from Eritrea, Somalia and Sudan. But the vast majority, 80 percent, came from South Sudan .

What has happened in South Sudan shows how quickly something people worked so hard to build can fall apart – how brittle peace, democracy, and even civility can be.

At the camps most of the refugees were women and children. Aid agencies were working hard, to find enough suitable land – to provide food, and pipe in enough water, to provide classrooms for children, treatment for the sick, and to help refugees recreate community. The fighting has made it so dangerous to plant and harvest their crops that many have had to flee or face starvation. One of the places I visited was a feeding center for malnourished children, that is, thankfully, finally admitting fewer cases.

The politicians whose feud started this war do not seem to be particularly alarmed.

Emissaries, even Secretary Kerry, have gone to implore them to negotiate in earnest and uphold the peace agreements they have signed. But the fighting continues, and combatants are not just killing one another. They have blocked aid shipments, menaced relief workers, and even stormed into a United Nations compound to murder terrified civilians hiding there.

SFTS

In the camps in Ethiopia, and wherever uprooted people flee, we and the agencies strive to adapt, to identify the greatest threats and needs, and devise new ways to protect the most vulnerable refugees. This includes women and children.

In the Ethiopia’s Gambella camps, South Sudanese women and girls told us the threat of rape hangs over them every day. They fear it when they walk out into the scrub land for many hours each day to collect firewood, and even inside the boundaries of the camp, when they need to venture out after dark.

To confront gender based violence, in conflicts, disasters, and their aftermath, PRM and Secretary Kerry launched an initiative in 2013 called Safe from the Start. It is providing innovative programs and training for relief workers around the world to identify risks, deter attacks, and help survivors.

At some camps Safe from the Start is paying for solar lights to make streets and paths safer at night and training outreach workers, who go door to door to tell women about their legal rights and how to seek help.

Outreach workers at the Gambella camps tell women that what has happened to them is not their fault. And they say it is making a difference. Just recently a group of women heard a rape in progress and came running. They identified the perpetrators, who are now in jail. Counselors say more women are also daring to speak out when husbands beat them, take their food rations, or refuse to let their daughters go to school.

On the day we visited, one of the camps opened a new women’s center and a group of women were there celebrating. They danced in a circle and sang songs together – songs about being the women of South Sudan, and about being strong and telling the truth.

Migrant Smuggling

Of course, gender based violence is just one of many perils faced by refugees and displaced people. Another dire humanitarian challenge that also manifests in Ethiopia is human smuggling. Recent weeks have delivered graphic and heartbreaking evidence – flimsy and overcrowded boats capsizing and sinking in the Mediterranean, drowning hundreds upon hundreds of desperate migrants and refugees. Every year, it seems, more and more trips begun in hope end in death. There are no easy solutions to this gathering crisis but our moral duty is surely first and foremost to save lives.

This means understanding what is driving such dangerous journeys and what can stop so many from undertaking them.

This was another reason I traveled to Ethiopia. I visited refugee camps near Shire that were full of Eritreans – especially teenagers and children. They come to Ethiopia to escape hopeless poverty and mandatory conscription. Thousands have been risking their lives to cross the border every month.

And many hope Ethiopia will just be a way station. They plan to continue on to more prosperous countries to the north where they can find jobs and start new lives. Many of these refugees were just children. Many had come without their parents – without even telling their parents – and without knowing much about geography.

Fifteen-year-old Etbaret explained, “We came to support our families. We all thought we would be able to leave here immediately, that if we walk just a few days more we will reach Europe, or maybe make it to the United States.” No one had told them there were oceans in the way.

At the camps, aid workers warn them against setting off through the desert with smugglers. They explain that these people may extort money from their families, abandon them, enslave them, sell them, even kill them. They also talk about the risk of drowning in the sea.

But refugees need more than warnings. They need alternatives and they need reasons to stay. We are working on this with aid groups and the Ethiopian government.

For refugee children, we fund schools and recreation centers. I watched children chasing each other, playing ping pong and basketball, plunking out songs on keyboards, and a troop of teenagers performing traditional Eritrean folk dances. Instead of being lured away by smugglers – risking their lives – these teenagers were circling, shimmying and grinning proudly.

Livelihoods and Urban Refugees

Today, protecting refugees can also mean teaching refugees the skills they need to support themselves. In Ethiopia I visited training centers where young people in chef hats learned to make bread and rows of young men and women used foot pedals to power sewing machines, and stitch up skirts.

Job placement is important too. Government and camp officials in Ethiopia are working on plans to create jobs for the graduates, staffing nearby eateries and making school uniforms. There and elsewhere, our aim is to shape programs to fit identified, market-based needs.

Using vocational training to improve livelihoods may sound more like development assistance than humanitarian relief. But today, the line between relief and development is blurring. This is necessary and inevitable, because the paradigm of what it means to be a refugee and what it means to assist refugees is shifting.

Refugees do not just need food and water, blankets and tents, a safe place to stay until fighting subsides and they can go home. Refugees who may spend years or decades in exile don’t want to stay in limbo or keep relying on handouts.

Furthermore, most refugees now live in cities and towns and are trying to fend for themselves. They have flocked to cities from Cairo to Bangkok to Istanbul, hoping for the chance to work, to be self-reliant, and move about freely, and to get on with their lives.

We are trying to help them, funding urban refugee centers and services ranging from legal and job counseling, to help enrolling children in school or finding medical care. Some of our programs offer cash for work, or small loans to aid refugees who want to start a small business.

Urban refugee populations usually don’t need parallel or stand-alone assistance. They need to be linked with existing services. UNHCR and other humanitarian organizations we traditionally fund need to build a whole new set of partnerships with government agencies, and other organizations that serve these communities.

And while promoting formal local integration for refugees may not always be feasible, I think maybe there is room for more common ground if we shift the narrative to be about helping refugees become less dependent on aid and more self-reliant. And if we focus on the potential economic and social benefits for all when new schools and clinics are built to serve refugees and host communities alike.

Assisting Host Communities

With the right opportunities and support, refugees can become a boon to the local economy – not a burden. A 2014 study in Uganda shows that refugees – particularly those living in urban areas – actually create jobs for Ugandans. In Kampala, nearly all refugees surveyed purchase goods and services from Ugandans, and 40% of refugee business owners said they hire Ugandan employees.

A 2010 study found that the Dadaab refugee camps in Kenya provided roughly $14 million in economic benefits to the surrounding community annually.

Of course, massive influxes of refugees can also strain host communities, and helping them cope is one of PRM’s priorities. By taking in Syrian refugees, for instance, neighboring countries have helped save millions of lives. For years, they kept their borders open even as wave upon wave of Syrian refugees arrived, and it became more and more clear they were not going home.

Think of Lebanon – a country that was poor and politically volatile even before Syrian refugees began flooding in. Today refugees make up nearly a quarter of its population. Rents have soared, wages have fallen. Lebanon’s schools are overcrowded, its hospitals are too. Water is in short supply, sewer systems overwhelmed, social services are stretched, and patience is wearing thin.

In Lebanon and elsewhere in the region, PRM is working with USAID to fund projects that benefit host communities and refugees alike. We are investing in infrastructure, schools, clinics, cisterns and pumping stations. And in other host countries too, we fund projects designed to serve everyone.

This kind of assistance can ease frictions that may arise, especially when host populations are enduring conditions just as bad or even worse than those faced by refugees. We think more should be done to link and coordinate humanitarian relief, transitional assistance, and longer term development aid. United Nations agencies, the World Bank, and other donors are already moving in this direction. And we envision international financial institutions playing a greater role in the future, when host countries need help steadying their economies, shoring up their finances and meeting extraordinary needs.

Addresing Root Causes

Of course the best solution to mass displacement isn’t local integration or resettlement. It is not more humanitarian aid. It is addressing the root causes of the violence that drive so many people from their homes.

And we are working with our colleagues at the State Department to try to address the problems that have uprooted so many people around the world. Later during the conference, you will hear from State Department’s Assistant Secretary for Africa, Linda Thomas-Greenfield, about efforts to resolve conflicts, build democratic and just societies, and promote development in Africa. PRM, together with USAID, support these efforts in Africa and around the world.

My colleague, Larry Bartlett will also be speaking in much more detail today about resettlement as a key part of our humanitarian response to the plight of refugees. Before I conclude,

I will tell you one final story from our trip to Ethiopia. At the Adi-Harush Camp, we stopped outside a row of cinderblock shelters for unaccompanied children and the foster parents who had volunteered to care for them. They described what it was like to cross from Eritrea, to hide from soldiers and hyenas. Some were homesick, some were frustrated. Some had been there for years. They were also gracious and playful and curious. Behind shy smiles there was a palpable sense of longing.

As we walked toward our cars to leave, a little girl ran to catch up with us. She could not take her eyes off my colleague’s big purse. We asked if there was something she wanted. She asked if we couldn’t please just put her in that bag and carry her back to America.

These children were willing to risk everything for even a glimpse of what children here in the United States take for granted – for freedom and the chance to make something of their lives. For many it is still just a dream.

None of us can help everyone who needs and deserves this chance. But you at ECDC are part of something wonderful. You do help make some refugees dreams come true.

I want to thank you once again – for organizing this event, for inviting me to speak, and for the work that you do every day.

Thank you.

Burundi On the Brink

You know when a government resorts to shutting down Twitter its hold on power is going to be tenuous. “Protest-hit Burundi cut mobile access to several social networks and messaging applications, a telecoms official said Wednesday, following days of demonstrations against President Pierre Nkurunziza’s bid for a third term…The authorities cut mobile access to several social networks and messaging applications including Twitter, Facebook and WhatsApp, which have been used to coordinate protests. “All the roads are blocked by police… but the protests will not stop until he gives up the third term,” said Thierry, a demonstrator.” (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Insg6r)

Sanitation and Hygiene Gets a Big Boost from Female Leaders…“Over 50 female leaders from around the world recently published a declaration calling for the end of poor sanitation and hygiene in the developing world. Among those leaders are the first ladies of Madagascar and Malawi, both of whom announced the declaration in Washington, D.C.The United Nations’ Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council, (WSSCC), paved the way for the declaration. Worldwide they said 2.5 billion people currently live without access to improved sanitation. In Africa alone, 340 million Africans still lack clean drinking water and 547 million lack access to basic sanitation. (VOA http://bit.ly/1OEKPbr)

Humanity Affirming Stat of the Day: Thanks to an exhaustive door-to-door effort, nearly 100,000 children between the ages of six months and 10 years in Guinea are now protected against measles. (IRIN http://bit.ly/1QLv4hb)

New Environment and Maternal Health Link? Women in the Chinese capital in the final stage of pregnancy during the 2008 Beijing Olympics — when officials strictly controlled air pollution — gave birth to heavier babies than in years when the city was smoggier, a study said Wednesday. (Al Jazeera http://alj.am/1FyAB6B)

Burundi

Burundi’s government told diplomats to stay neutral and not side with protesters who accuse President Pierre Nkurunziza of violating the constitution by announcing he will seek a third term in office. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1Ag3eiL)

A top U.S. diplomat, Assistant Secy State Tom Malinowski,  was heading to Burundi to Wednesday, seeking to halt escalating unrest triggered by President Pierre Nkurunziza’s decision to seek a third term in office, a move protesters say is unconstitutional. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Ins3jN)

Africa

Togo’s main opposition party on Wednesday rejected official presidential election results declaring victory for incumbent Faure Gnassingbe with 58.75 percent of the vote, and instead claimed a win for its candidate Jean-Pierre Fabre. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1beAnF7)

China’s biggest lender by assets, Industrial and Commercial Bank of China, said on Wednesday it had signed an infrastructure pact worth $2 billion with the oil-rich west African nation of Equatorial Guinea. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1InsfiN)

The United Nations Security Council renewed for another year the U.N. peacekeeping mission in the disputed North African territory of Western Sahara but failed to accept African Union recommendations for changes to the force’s mandate. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1JAxIEH)

Zimbabwe on Wednesday shut down the country’s second largest mobile phone service provider, Telecel Zimbabwe, partly for breaching black empowerment laws, officials said. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Insomz)

A leader of the Ugandan rebels accused of slaughtering over 300 people in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo has been killed in a clash with government forces, authorities said Wednesday. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1ERvgIH)

In an effort to reverse tree losses in Kenya’s Nyeri Forest, an environmental initiative has turned to an unusual barter system, offering chickens, goats or solar panels in exchange for tree planting. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1beAhgA)

The “guerrilla growers” in Bamako, Mali do not own the land they’re cultivating but property rules aren’t stopping them from trying to feed themselves in one of the world’s poorest countries. (TRF http://bit.ly/1Ag3i1W)

A French prosecutor is carrying out a preliminary investigation into allegations of child abuse by French soldiers stationed in Central African Republic, a Justice Ministry spokesman said on Wednesday. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1DWARXE)

MENA

Yemen’s Shiite rebels and their allies advanced in the southern city of Aden on Wednesday, capturing parts of an upscale neighborhood and seizing men they accuse of fighting them from their homes. (AP http://yhoo.it/1beAiRF)

Yemen’s Houthi rulers have launched an investigation against dozens of public figures, including Nobel Peace Prize laureate Tawakul Karman, state news agency Saba said late on Tuesday, following a complaint that could amount to treason. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1beA9O2)

Sixty-nine suspected Muslim Brotherhood supporters were each sentenced to 25 years in prison in Egypt on Wednesday for attacking and burning a church in a village near Cairo in 2013, judicial sources said. (Reuters http://bit.ly/1Ag3iiu)

The World Bank is seeking to finance development projects in areas in Iraq that the government has recaptured from Islamic State militants, its regional vice president said. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1beAhx8)

Nepal

Over 200 Nepalis protested outside parliament in the capital Kathmandu, demanding the government increase the number of buses going to the interior hills and improve distribution of aid. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1JAP6Jf)

The United Nations says it is beginning to distribute food and medicine Wednesday in the area near the epicenter of Saturday’s earthquake in Nepal, where the death toll continues to rise. (VOA http://bit.ly/1JAP5Fg)

Government agencies, and local and international aid organisations in Nepal appear initially overwhelmed by the scale of displacement as they mobilise a coordinated response effort. (IRIN http://bit.ly/1begMot)

Asia

Sri Lanka’s parliament overwhelmingly passed reforms on Tuesday reducing some of the president’s powers, in a move that did not go as far as President Maithripala Sirisena had promised but is nevertheless seen as a victory for the leader. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Ins8no)

An Indian state minister who heads the farmers’ wing of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s party has drawn flak from the opposition for branding as “cowards” some farmers who committed suicide after unseasonal rains destroyed their crops. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1Ins8E7)

In the tobacco-producing heartland of China – the world’s largest cigarette market — smoking is commonplace at work, in taxis and even in hospitals. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1Ins6ft)

The U.N. human rights office has criticized Indonesia’s decision to execute eight people convicted of drug smuggling. (AP http://yhoo.it/1Ins9aV)

The Americas

Venezuela says it will cut the working day for public sector workers to five-and-a-half hours to conserve energy, down from eight to nine hours. The initiative is part of a nationwide electricity rationing plan. (BBC http://bbc.in/1Ag46nB)

About 1% of all the tree species in the Amazon account for half of the carbon locked in the vast South American rainforest, a study has estimated. Although the region is home to an estimated 16,000 tree species, researchers found that just 182 species dominated the carbon storage process. (BBC http://bbc.in/1Ag4dj6)

The government’s surprise revocation of export licenses this winter for some of Venezuela’s biggest cacao exporters adds to a string of problems plaguing an industry that the socialist government once saw as a way to help wean the nation off its dependence on petroleum, which accounts for 96 percent of the country’s export revenue. (AP http://yhoo.it/1Insn21)

There have been fresh evacuations in the area surrounding the Calbuco volcano in southern Chile after it started spewing ash again on Tuesday. (BBC http://bbc.in/1Ag44fy)

Top executives from several big Brazilian construction and engineering firms have been released from prison but will remain under house arrest for their alleged role in a massive kickback scheme at state-run oil company Petrobras. (AP http://yhoo.it/1OEKvcB)

…and the rest

The European Union has a duty to confront the flood of migrants reaching its shores, the EU’s foreign policy chief said Wednesday as she met top US officials seeking ways to deal with the exodus. (AFP http://yhoo.it/1OEKDJ5)

EU member states reached provisional agreement that carbon market reforms should begin on Jan. 1 2019 at closed-door talks on Wednesday, paving the way for a further round of negotiations next month, diplomats said. (Reuters http://yhoo.it/1InsnyV)

Attorneys for Royal Dutch Shell PLC presented testimony to a federal court judge Tuesday that the company needs safety zones around its Arctic drill fleet to prevent Greenpeace USA activists from endangering company workers and themselves. (AP http://yhoo.it/1Ins0V1)

Opinion/Blogs

Who are the Imbonerakure and is Burundi unravelling? (IRIN http://bit.ly/1Ag4cLY)

Political (and some other) priorities in Nepal as of 28 April 2015 (From Poverty to Power http://bit.ly/1OEMq0K)

Open Letter from President Jacob Zuma to Mia Couto, Mozambican writer and poet (Daily Maverick http://bit.ly/1begspD)

Countries that lead the switch to clean energy will reap the financial rewards (Guardian http://bit.ly/1EDi8VA)

The overlooked humanitarian crisis in Iraq: The need to address disparities (Brookings http://bit.ly/1DWB2C2)

Anti-Foreigner Discrimination ‘Fostered in South African Schools’ (IPS http://bit.ly/1ERvCPF)

Migrant crisis in the Mediterranean: What can be done? (IRIN http://bit.ly/1ERvJuz)

That moment when Senegalese writer Fatou Diome kicked European Union butt (Africa is a Country http://bit.ly/1DWD1GB)

Discussion

comments…

Huawei tient son Safe City Africa Summit à Cape Town

– Huawei réunit les ministres de différents pays pour examiner comment les TIC innovantes rendent les villes sûres plus intelligentes

CAPE TOWN, Afrique du Sud, 30 avril 2015 / PRNewswire  — Aujourd’hui, Huawei a tenu son Safe City Africa Summit à Cape Town qui a rassemblé plus de 400 acteurs du secteur pour qu’ils partagent leurs connaissances, les tendances du développement et les récits de leur réussite en matière de sûreté publique dans les villes et de lutter contre la criminalité et de renforcer la sûreté des villes en créant des solutions informatiques innovantes dans ce domaine.

Huawei%20Gathers Huawei tient son Safe City Africa Summit à Cape Town

Huawei Gathers Country Ministers to Discuss How Innovative ICT Makes Safe Cities Smarter.

Photo – http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20150429/212484

Lors du sommet, M. Li Peng, président chez Huawei pour la région Afrique orientale et méridionale, a prononcé un discours d’ouverture dans lequel il a indiqué qu’une infrastructure informatique innovante était le socle de villes intelligents sûres. Il a déclaré : « En 2015, l’Année de la Chine en Afrique du Sud, Huawei souhaite réitérer son attachement à une collaboration étroite avec ses partenaires pour fournir à l’Afrique des solutions innovantes uniques pour des villes sûres. Ces solutions contribueront à créer des environnements résidentiels, commerciaux et touristiques plus sûrs et plus harmonieux dans les villes et ainsi à attirer des investissements et à accroître l’emploi pour un développement économique durable ».

Des technologies innovantes de l’information et de la communication rendent les villes sûres plus intelligentes

L’accélération de l’urbanisation mondiale et la prolifération d’Internet favoriseront la convergence technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC) et de l’infrastructure urbaine. Partout dans le monde, des pays élaborent activement des plans pour la création de villes sûres et intelligentes et saisir les nouvelles opportunités générées par l’urbanisation mondiale. Lors du sommet, des responsables de projets pour des villes sûres provenant de nombreux pays, comme Madagascar, le Kenya, la République de Trinidad et Tobago, et le Royaume-Uni ont fait part de leur expérience concernant les meilleures pratiques TIC visant à renforcer la sûreté publique grâce à des TIC innovantes.

Pour M. Randimbisoa Blaise Richard, ministre de la Sûreté publique de Madagascar, « pays multiculturel, Madagascar n’a épargné aucun effort pour répondre aux exigences croissantes de la croissance économique et de la stabilité sociale liées à l’accélération de la mondialisation. Nos principales responsabilités consistent à préserver l’ordre social et à combattre la criminalité, à s’assurer que Madagascar est un pays sûr où il est bon de vivre, de voyager et d’investir. C’est dans ce but que nous avons choisi de collaborer avec Huawei et d’adopter sa solution pour une ville sûre afin de protéger la vie et les biens de nos résidents, en exploitant la technologie de pointe et le service accompli de Huawei en 2013 ».

M. Richard Chace, président de la Global Security Industry Alliance (GSIA), a fait part de ses connaissances concernant les normes et les tendances mondiales dans le domaine de la sûreté des villes. Il a déclaré : « Je m’intéresse surtout à la manière dont les tendances d’urbanisation à travers le monde sont derrière la spécification et la mise en œuvre des technologies et des solutions pour des villes sûres. Je suis parfaitement convaincu que des programmes efficaces pour la sûreté des villes doivent en grande partie reposer sur des partenariats publics-privés performants qui ont été élaborés pour rendre l’issue avantageuse pour tous. La meilleure utilisation de la technologie est celle qui fait appel à une planification saine qui cherche avant tout à définir les problèmes et à mobiliser les solutions adéquates pour le long terme ».

Mme Jennifer Belissent, analyste en chef de Forrester Research, s’est exprimée sur le rôle que jouent les solutions TIC dans la protection de la sûreté des villes et dans les initiatives qui consistent à rendre les villes plus sûres et plus intelligentes. Elle a indiqué que « l’urbanisation signifie qu’une population de plus en plus grande dépend des villes pour ses besoins sociaux, environnementaux et économiques. La sûreté est fondamentale pour que ces besoins soient satisfaits, et la sûreté publique est une préoccupation des responsables des villes, qu’il s’agisse de lutter contre la criminalité, de réduire la mortalité infantile ou d’atténuer les effets de catastrophes naturelles. Un meilleur accès aux données et aux nouveaux outils d’analytique facilite cette tâche. La sûreté des villes n’améliore pas seulement la qualité de la vie collective : elle favorise également la croissance économique et garantit le développement durable. Ce qui fait donc de la sûreté un élément incontournable d’une ville intelligente ».

Une coopération ouverte pour proposer une solution complète pour la sûreté des villes

En mettant l’accent sur l’infrastructure informatique, Huawei innove avec ses partenaires et ses clients pour proposer une solution complète pour la sûreté des villes. En collaborant avec les fournisseurs de solutions TIC à la pointe du secteur comme Hexagon et SAP, Huawei met au point des solutions qui répondent aux besoins actuels des clients. Huawei offre également des services à ses clients dans les administrations publiques grâce à des partenaires intermédiaires comme Telkom, MIS (PTY), REUTECH, IRT et Mustek.

Lors du sommet, Justin Schmidt, directeur de Hexagon Ventures, a expliqué comment Huawei et Hexagon ont ensemble mis au point la première solution du secteur pour la sûreté des villes qui répond intégralement aux besoins commerciaux de la gestion d’une ville sûre. Il a précisé que « pour la première fois, la majorité de la population mondiale habite dans des villes, ce qui contraint ces villes à fournir un environnement sûr pour ses citoyens. Hexagon et Huawei s’attaquent de front à ce défi mondial en proposant une solution intégrée grâce à laquelle les villes peuvent recenser les menaces, résoudre les crises plus facilement par des efforts collaboratifs et résoudre les problèmes par une analyse intelligente des mégadonnées ».

Huawei restera très impliquée dans le domaine de la sûreté publique, en coopérant avec les plus grands partenaires du secteur pour proposer une solution complète pour la sûreté des villes. La Safe City Solution de Huawei est la première du genre dans ce secteur et permet de visualiser intégralement les processus de gestion des incidents et la convergence complète des commandes. Elle s’intègre en toute harmonie avec des systèmes de partage haut débit eLTE, de vidéosurveillance, Unified Communications (UC) et de vidéoconférence grâce à un système de répartition par ordinateur (CAD) pour permettre la visualisation des commandes et des interventions. Exploitant le système intelligent d’analyse vidéo fondé sur les mégadonnées, cette solution peut rapidement extraire avec précision des indices à partir de volumes massifs de vidéos. Cette fonctionnalité favorise une prévention active avant les incidents, une réaction rapide en cas d’incidents et une extraction précise après des incidents dans les zones publiques. Jusqu’à présent, Safe City Solution de Huawei a été déployée dans plus de 100 villes dans 30 régions dans le monde.

Organisé entre le 28 et le 29 avril 2015, le Huawei Safe City Africa Summit a été l’occasion de discours d’orientation et de sessions-débats, et a réuni des administrateurs publics, des clients, des partenaires et des experts du secteur, notamment Dr Siyabonga Cwele, ministre sud-africain des Télécommunications et des Services postaux ; Mme Mmamoloko Kubayi, présidente du Comité des services de télécommunications et postaux d’Afrique du Sud ; M. Randimbisoa Blaise Richard, ministre malgache de la Sûreté publique ; et M. Rong Yansong, conseiller économique et commercial de l’ambassade chinoise en Afrique du Sud. Pour de plus amples informations sur le sommet, consultez : http://enterprise.huawei.com/topic/africa_saft_city_summit_2015/agenda.html

###

A propos de Huawei

Huawei est des plus grands fournisseurs mondiaux de solutions dans le domaine des technologies de l’information et des communications (TIC). Notre but est d’enrichir la vie grâce à un monde mieux connecté. Se fondant sur l’innovation orientée vers le client et sur des partenariats ouverts, Huawei a créé un portefeuille de solutions TIC de bout en bout qui confère à ses clients un avantage concurrentiel pour les réseaux de télécoms et d’entreprise, les appareils et l’informatique en nuage. Les 170 000 employés de Huawei à travers le monde sont soucieux de créer une valeur maximale pour les opérateurs télécom, les entreprises et les consommateurs. Nos solutions, produits et services TIC innovants sont déployés dans plus de 170 pays et régions, au service de plus d’un tiers de la population mondiale. Fondée en 1987, Huawei est une entreprise privée détenue à 100 % par ses employés

Pour de plus amples informations, consultez Huawei en ligne : e.huawei.com

 

Battle of Kapyong

The Korean War took place in the Far East from 1950 to 1953 and more than 26,000 Canadians served in the cause of peace and freedom in this struggle. Some of the heaviest fighting our soldiers experienced in the war took place during the Battle of Kapyong.

The battle began in late April 1951. The retreating Chinese and North Korean forces regrouped and counter-attacked in the western and west-central sectors of the front. The South Korean forces in one area were overwhelmed and hurriedly fell back, putting them in danger of being overrun and wiped out. The 27th British Commonwealth Infantry Brigade–along with its Canadian contingent– was called up from reserve to the Kapyong Valley to cover this desperate retreat.

It was a wild battle and some of our positions were overrun; at one point the Canadians even called in an artillery strike on their own location to hit the enemy soldiers amongst them. The Canadians took cover while the attackers bore the brunt of the fire. The risky move worked and the enemy was driven off. By May 1st, the larger communist offensive had come to a halt.

The Korean War soon moved into a new phase as truce negotiations began in July 1951 and the front lines began to stabilize. For the Commonwealth contingent, the remainder of the conflict became largely a “war of patrols,” with few large-scale battles taking place. On July 27, 1953, an armistice finally ended the active fighting.

Holding the line at Kapyong was an impressive achievement, but came at a cost. Ten Canadians were killed and 23 were wounded, a total that could be considered relatively light in view of the fierce fighting there and a testament to the skill and organization of the defenders. Our fallen soldiers at Kapyong were among the 516 Canadians who died in service during the Korean War.

The Battle of Kapyong was an important episode in the Korean War. The soldiers of the 2nd Battalion of Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry persevered in the face of great adversity to help prevent a potentially costly defeat for the South Korean and UN forces. Their heroic efforts did not go unnoticed with the Americans awarding them the United States Presidential Unit Citation–a very rare honour for a Canadian unit.

Related products

Bechtel obtient la note maximale dans une étude portant sur les programmes anti-corruption

– La société obtient un « Très bien » dans une évaluation de Transparency International UK

RESTON, Virginie, 29 avril 2015 / PRNewswire — Bechtel a obtenu la note maximale dans l’Index sur les pratiques de lutte contre la corruption dans l’industrie de la défense 2015 de Transparency International UK (TI-UK), qui mesure la transparence et la qualité des programmes d’éthique et de lutte contre la corruption de 163 entreprises du secteur de la défense de 47 pays. Bechtel est l’une de seulement quatre entreprises à avoir obtenu la note maximale de l’indice, qui classait les firmes de la fourchette A (la plus élevée) à F (la plus basse) en utilisant des informations publiées.

bechte Bechtel obtient la note maximale dans une étude portant sur les programmes anti corruption

bechtel.com.

Vidéo – http://youtu.be/SB1TQ9xpUs0
Logo – https://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130124/SF47758LOGO

« La mesure indépendante des programmes d’éthique et de lutte contre la corruption de Transparency International UK contribue de manière significative à la lutte contre la corruption », a déclaré Nancy Higgins, directrice de l’éthique et de la conformité chez Bechtel. « La confirmation par une tierce d’un solide programme encourage les entreprises à maintenir leurs efforts. »

En publiant le rapport, TI-UK a exhorté les gouvernements à exiger que les entrepreneurs aient des programmes d’éthique et de lutte contre la corruption en place avant de soumissionner pour des travaux de défense en vue d’augmenter l’imputabilité. TI-UK a décrit ces programmes d’éthique et de lutte contre la corruption comme étant « l’approche d’une entreprise vis à vis de la promotion de sa culture éthique et de la réduction du risque de corruption ». L’évaluation des programmes des entreprises utilisait un questionnaire de 41 indicateurs organisés en cinq piliers : leadership, gouvernance et organisation ; gestion du risque ; politique et codes d’entreprise ; formation ; personnel et lignes d’assistance. Les questions couvrent ce que TI-UK considère comme les capacités de base qu’une entreprise mondiale du secteur de la défense devrait avoir mises en place.

« L’indice fournit une carte routière aux entreprises désireuses d’élaborer un programme efficace de lutte contre la corruption », a ajouté M. Higgins. « Par-dessus tout, le programme de chaque entreprise peut être renforcé en apprenant les meilleures pratiques des autres entreprises. »

Bechtel s’engage à respecter les normes de conduite éthique des affaires les plus strictes au monde. Pour en savoir plus sur l’éthique et sur la conformité, visiter : http://www.bechtel.com/about-us/ethics-compliance.

À propos de Bechtel :
 Bechtel est l’une des entreprises d’ingénierie, de gestion de projets et de construction les plus respectées au monde. Nous nous démarquons par notre capacité à réaliser un travail bien fait, quel que soient son envergure, sa complexité ou son éloignement. Bechtel exerce ses activités par le biais de quatre unités commerciales mondiales spécialisées dans l’infrastructure, l’exploitation minière et les métaux, le nucléaire, la sécurité et l’environnement, le pétrole et le gaz et les produits chimiques. Depuis sa fondation en 1898, Bechtel a travaillé sur plus de 25 000 projets dans 160 pays et sur les sept continents. Aujourd’hui, nos 53 000 collaborateurs travaillent en équipe avec nos clients, partenaires et fournisseurs sur divers projets dans près de 40 pays. www.bechtel.com.

Contact pour les médias :
Charlene Wheeless
t. +1-571-392-3891
c. +1-240-409-9490
cwheeles@bechtel.com